Nietzsche on the Superficiality of Consciousness
David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jack Alan Reynolds
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In Manuel Dries (ed.), Nietzsche on Consciousness and the Embodied Mind. De Gryuter (forthcoming)
Abstract: Nietzsche’s famously wrote that “consciousness is a surface” (EH, Why I am so clever, 9: 97). The aim of this paper is to make sense of this quite puzzling contention—Superficiality, for short. In doing this, I shall focus on two further claims—both to be found in Gay Science 354—which I take to substantiate Nietzsche’s endorsement of Superficiality. The first claim is that consciousness is superfluous—which I call the “superfluousness claim” (SC). The second claim is that consciousness is the source of some deep falsification—which I call the “falsification claim” (FC). I shall start by considering Nietzsche’s notion of consciousness. Here, I shall argue that the kind of consciousness he is concerned with is in fact self-consciousness and that he put forward a higher-order theory of it. Then, I shall address the two claims. Regarding (FC), my proposal will be that, according to Nietzsche, the content of (self-)conscious mental states is falsified in virtue of its being articulated propositionally. Regarding (SC), I shall claim that it is best read as a weak version of epiphenomenalism about conscious causation. In addressing both points, I shall discuss in particular the influential reading of Nietzsche’s theory of consciousness offered by Katsafanas (2005).
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Citations of this work BETA
Paul Katsafanas (2014). Nietzsche on the Nature of the Unconscious. Inquiry 58 (3):327-352.
Mattia Riccardi (2015). Nietzsche's Pluralism About Consciousness. British Journal for the History of Philosophy 24 (1):1-23.
Douglas W. Yacek (2014). Going to School with Friedrich Nietzsche: The Self in Service of Noble Culture. Studies in Philosophy and Education 33 (4):391-411.
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