David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
International Journal of Philosophical Studies 15 (1):77 – 95 (2007)
Henri Bergson's philosophy, which Sartre studied as a student, had a profound but largely neglected influence on his thinking. In this paper I focus on the new light that recognition of this influence throws on Sartre's central argument about the relationship between negation and nothingness in his Being and Nothingness. Sartre's argument is in part a response to Bergson's dismissive, eliminativist account of nothingness in Creative Evolution (1907): the objections to the concept of nothingness with which Sartre engages are precisely those raised by Bergson. Even if Sartre's account of nothingness in its entirety is found to be flawed, I argue that the points he makes specifically against Bergson are powerful. My discussion concludes with a brief examination of the wider philosophical background to Sartre's and Bergson's discussion of nothingness: here I point to some important aspects of Sartre's early philosophy, including some features of his conception of nothingness, that may testify to Bergson's positive influence on his thought.
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
Henri Bergson (2007). Creative Evolution. Palgrave Macmillan.
Jean-Paul Sartre (1956). Being and Nothingness. Distributed by Random House.
Martin Heidegger (1998). Pathmarks. Cambridge University Press.
Jean-Paul Sartre (2004). The Imaginary: A Phenomenological Psychology of the Imagination. Routledge.
Vincent Descombes (1980). Modern French Philosophy. Cambridge University Press.
Citations of this work BETA
Gavin Rae (2016). Much Ado About Nothing: The Bergsonian and Heideggerian Roots of Sartre’s Conception of Nothingness. Human Studies 39 (2):249-268.
Similar books and articles
Christian J. Onof, Jean-Paul Sartre. Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
Jospeh S. Catalano (2005). Sartre's Ontology From Being and Nothingness to the Family Idiot. Sartre Studies International 11 (s 1-2):17-30.
Cam Clayton (2009). Nausea, Melancholy and the Internal Negation of the Past. Sartre Studies International 15 (2):1-16.
Jean Wyatt (2006). The Impossible Project of Love in Sartre's Being and Nothingness, Dirty Hands and the Room. Sartre Studies International 12 (2):1-16.
Matthew C. Eshleman (2008). The Misplaced Chapter on Bad Faith, or Reading Being and Nothingness in Reverse. Sartre Studies International 14 (2):1-22.
Alain Flajoliet (2010). Sartre's Phenomenological Anthropology Between Psychoanalysis and 'Daseinsanalysis'. Sartre Studies International 16 (1):40-59.
Joseph S. Catalano (1980). A Commentary on Jean-Paul Sartre's Being and Nothingness. University of Chicago Press.
John M. Moreland (1973). For-Itself and in-Itself in Sartre and Merleau-Ponty. Philosophy Today 17 (4):311-318.
Michelle R. Darnell (2008). Ethics in the Age of Reason. Sartre Studies International 14 (2):71-89.
Reidar Due (2005). Freedom, Nothingness, Consciousness Some Remarks on the Structure of Being and Nothingness. Sartre Studies International 11 (s 1-2):31-42.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads109 ( #35,773 of 1,907,176 )
Recent downloads (6 months)11 ( #60,066 of 1,907,176 )
How can I increase my downloads?