David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jonathan Jenkins Ichikawa
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Philosophical Studies 162 (2):401-419 (2013)
In this paper I argue that olfactory experience, like visual experience, is exteroceptive: it seems to one that odours, when one smells them, are external to the body, as it seems to one that objects are external to the body when one sees them. Where the sense of smell has been discussed by philosophers, it has often been supposed to be non-exteroceptive. The strangeness of this philosophical orthodoxy makes it natural to ask what would lead to its widespread acceptance. I argue that philosophers have been misled by a visuocentric model of what exteroceptivity involves. Since olfaction lacks the spatial features that make vision exteroceptive the conclusion that olfaction is nonexteroceptive can appear quite compelling, particularly in the absence of an alternative model of exteroceptivity appropriate to olfaction. I offer a model according to which odours seem to be external to the body because they seem to be brought into the nose from without by sniffing and breathing through the nostrils. I argue that some natural-seeming objections to this model rely on substantive assumptions about how the senses are distinguished from one another, and how perceptual experience is put together out of its modality-specific parts, that require defence
|Keywords||Perception Perceptual experience Distinguishing the senses Olfactory experience Visuocentricism|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
Immanuel Kant (2006). Anthropology From a Pragmatic Point of View. Cambridge University Press.
Michael Tye (2003). Consciousness, Color, and Content. Philosophical Studies 113 (3):233 - 235.
Mohan P. Matthen (2005). Seeing, Doing, and Knowing: A Philosophical Theory of Sense Perception. Oxford University Press.
Citations of this work BETA
Casey O’Callaghan (2016). Objects for Multisensory Perception. Philosophical Studies 173 (5):1269-1289.
Rafe McGregor (2015). Making Sense of Moral Perception. Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 18 (4):745-758.
Vivian Mizrahi (2014). Sniff, Smell, and Stuff. Philosophical Studies 171 (2):233-250.
Louise Richardson (2014). Non Sense-Specific Perception and the Distinction Between the Senses. Res Philosophica 91 (2):215-239.
Tom Roberts (forthcoming). A Breath of Fresh Air: Absence and the Structure of Olfactory Perception. Pacific Philosophical Quarterly:n/a-n/a.
Similar books and articles
Clare Batty (2011). Smelling Lessons. Philosophical Studies 153 (Mar.):161-174.
Clare Batty (2010). A Representational Account of Olfactory Experience. Canadian Journal of Philosophy 40 (4):511-538.
Ed Cooke & Erik Myin (2011). Is Trilled Smell Possible? How the Structure of Olfaction Determines the Phenomenology of Smell. Journal of Consciousness Studies 18 (11-12):59-95.
Clare Batty (2010). Scents and Sensibilia. American Philosophical Quarterly 47 (2):103-118.
Daniel Press & Steven C. Minta (2000). The Smell of Nature: Olfaction, Knowledge and the Environment. Ethics, Place and Environment 3 (2):173 – 186.
Christopher Mole (2010). The Contents of Olfactory Experience. Journal of Consciousness Studies 17 (11-12):173-79.
Clare Batty (2010). What the Nose Doesn't Know: Non-Veridicality and Olfactory Experience. Journal of Consciousness Studies 17 (3-4):10-17.
Clare Batty (2009). What's That Smell? Southern Journal of Philosophy 47 (4):321-348.
Glenn Carruthers (2009). Is the Body Schema Sufficient for the Sense of Embodiment? An Alternative to de Vignmont's Model. Philosophical Psychology 22 (2):123-142.
Glenn Carruthers (2013). Toward a Cognitive Model of the Sense of Embodiment in a (Rubber) Hand. Journal of Consciousness Studies 20 (3-4):3 - 4.
Casey O'Callaghan (2008). Seeing What You Hear: Cross-Modal Illusions and Perception. Philosophical Issues 18 (1):316-338.
Benjamin D. Young (2012). Stinking Consciousness! Journal of Consciousness Studies 19 (3-4):223-243.
Brad J. Thompson (2010). The Spatial Content of Experience. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 81 (1):146-184.
Helena De Preester & Manos Tsakiris (2009). Body-Extension Versus Body-Incorporation: Is There a Need for a Body-Model? [REVIEW] Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 8 (3):307-319.
Przemysław Nowakowski (2011). Phantom Body as Bodily Self-Consciousness. Avant: Trends in Interdisciplinary Studies 2 (1):135–149.
Added to index2011-08-06
Total downloads124 ( #34,749 of 1,932,495 )
Recent downloads (6 months)13 ( #66,442 of 1,932,495 )
How can I increase my downloads?