David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 25 (3):285 – 307 (2000)
The notion that it is useful to specify norms progressively in order to resolve doubts about what to do, which I developed initially in a 1990 article, has been only partly assimilated by the bioethics literature. The thought is not just that it is helpful to work with relatively specific norms. It is more than that: specification can replace deductive subsumption and balancing. Here I argue against two versions of reliance on balancing that are prominent in recent bioethical discussions. Without meaning to address the substance or the overall merits of either view I criticize, I attack Gert, Culver and Clouser's implicit reliance on some overall dimension of balancing as a basis of resolving conflicts among norms and Beauchamp and Childress's residual acceptance of 'justified balancing'. The former authors' description of resolving conflicts depends upon a type of value commensurability that (as they otherwise seem to admit) does not obtain, while the latter authors' role for justified balancing would be better served by continued specification.
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Citations of this work BETA
G. Collste (2011). Specifying Rights: The Case of TRIPS. Public Health Ethics 4 (1):63-69.
Yotam Lurie & Robert Albin (2007). Moral Dilemmas in Business Ethics: From Decision Procedures to Edifying Perspectives. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 71 (2):195 - 207.
Anders Nordgren (2012). Remote Monitoring or Close Encounters? Ethical Considerations in Priority Setting Regarding Telecare. Health Care Analysis (4):1-15.
C. E. Harris (2004). Internationalizing Professional Codes in Engineering. Science and Engineering Ethics 10 (3):503-521.
John K. Davis (2007). Intuition and the Junctures of Judgment in Decision Procedures for Clinical Ethics. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 28 (1):1-30.
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