David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Cambridge University Press (2010)
There is longstanding disagreement among systematists about how to divide biodiversity into species. Over twenty different species concepts are used to group organisms, according to criteria as diverse as morphological or molecular similarity, interbreeding and genealogical relationships. This, combined with the implications of evolutionary biology, raises the worry either that there is no single kind of species, or that species are not real.This book surveys the history of thinking about species from Aristotle to modern systematics in order to understand the origin of the problem, and advocates a solution based on the idea of the division of conceptual labor, whereby species concepts function in different ways -- theoretically and operationally. It also considers related topics such as individuality and the metaphysics of evolution, and how scientific terms get their meaning. This important addition to the current debate will be essential for philosophers and historians of science, and for biologists
|Keywords||Species Philosophy Biology Philosophy|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
|Buy the book||$52.37 new (48% off) $79.94 used (21% off) $84.34 direct from Amazon (16% off) Amazon page|
|Call number||QH83.R485 2010|
|ISBN(s)||9780521196833 0521196833 9780521196833|
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Citations of this work BETA
Catherine Kendig (2014). Towards a Multidimensional Metaconception of Species. Ratio 27 (2):155-172.
Geoff Chambers (2012). The Species Problem: Seeking New Solutions for Philosophers and Biologists. Biology and Philosophy 27 (5):755-765.
Elena Casetta & Jorge Marques da Silva (2015). Biodiversity Surgery: Some Epistemological Challenges in Facing Extinction. Axiomathes 25 (3):239-251.
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