David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Ratio 22 (1):59-77 (2009)
The central thesis of Derek Parfit's On What Matters is that three of the most important secular moral traditions – Kantianism, contractualism, and consequentialism – all actually converge in a way onto the same view. It is in this sense that he suggests that we may all be 'climbing the same mountain, but from different sides'. In this paper, I argue that Parfit's argument that we are all metaphorically climbing the same mountain is unsound. One reason his argument does not work is that he has misunderstood the way in which a plausible rule-consequentialism should understand the supervenience of rightness on all possible acceptance levels of the ideal moral code. In place of Parfit's own understanding of this, I develop a view I call 'variable-rate rule-utilitarianism', which I argue shares the key insight of Parfit's view but avoids a fatal objection to his own articulation of that insight. Finally, I explore how this modification might allow us to still make a case that we are all 'climbing the same mountain', albeit in a very different way and for very different reasons than the ones Parfit had in mind.
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
Teemu Toppinen (forthcoming). Rule Consequentialism at Top Rates. Philosophical Quarterly:pqv065.
Similar books and articles
Jussi Suikkanen (2011). Parfit's Mountain - Review of Derek Parfit's On What Matters Vols. 1-2. [REVIEW] The Philosophers' Magazine 54 (54):102-103.
Jacob Ross (2009). Should Kantians Be Consequentialists? Ratio 22 (1):126-135.
Thomas Sattig (2010). Many as One. Oxford Studies in Metaphysics 5:145-178.
Jussi Suikkanen & John Cottingham (eds.) (2009). Essays on Derek Parfit's on What Matters. Wiley-Blackwell.
Timothy Chappell (2012). Climbing Which Mountain? A Critical Study of Derek Parfit On What Matters (OUP 2011). Philosophical Investigations 35 (2):167-181.
Derek Parfit (forthcoming). Climbing the Mountain. Oxford University Press.
Seiriol Morgan (2009). Can There Be a Kantian Consequentialism? Ratio 22 (1):19-40.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads76 ( #58,221 of 1,911,919 )
Recent downloads (6 months)2 ( #324,434 of 1,911,919 )
How can I increase my downloads?