David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Synthese 158 (3):329 - 344 (2007)
It is nearly universally acknowledged among epistemologists that a belief, even if true, cannot count as knowledge if it is somehow largely a matter of luck that the person so arrived at the truth. A striking feature of this literature, however, is that while many epistemologists are busy arguing about which particular technical condition most effectively rules out the offensive presence of luck in true believing, almost no one is asking why it matters so much that knowledge be immune from luck in the first place. I argue that the best explanation for the consensus that luck undermines knowledge is that knowledge is, complications aside, credit-worthy true believing. To make this case, I develop both the notions of luck and credit, and sketch a theory of knowledge in those terms. Furthermore, this account also holds promise for being able to solve the “value problem” for knowledge, and it explains why both internal and external conditions are necessary to turn true belief into knowledge.
|Keywords||Epistemology Knowledge Luck Credit|
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References found in this work BETA
Duncan Pritchard (2005). Epistemic Luck. Clarendon Press.
Jonathan L. Kvanvig (2003). The Value of Knowledge and the Pursuit of Understanding. Cambridge University Press.
J. Adler (2002). Belief's Own Ethics. MIT Press.
Joseph Raz (1999). Engaging Reason: On the Theory of Value and Action. Oxford University Press.
Ernest Sosa (1991). Knowledge in Perspective. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Citations of this work BETA
Duncan Pritchard (2007). Anti-Luck Epistemology. Synthese 158 (3):277-297.
Duncan Pritchard (2014). The Modal Account of Luck. Metaphilosophy 45 (4-5):594-619.
Krist Vaesen (2011). Knowledge Without Credit, Exhibit 4: Extended Cognition. [REVIEW] Synthese 181 (515):529.
J. Adam Carter (2013). A Problem for Pritchard's Anti-Luck Virtue Epistemology. Erkenntnis 78 (2):253-275.
Nathan Ballantyne (2012). Luck and Interests. Synthese 185 (3):319-334.
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Jennifer Lackey (2007). Why We Don't Deserve Credit for Everything We Know. Synthese 158 (3):345--361.
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