David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 1 (3):355-373 (1998)
Cases of acts of solidarity can be divided into at least two groups. Solidarity in a narrow sense of the term refers to what I label project-related solidarity; it is prevalent in the modern world at least as much as it was found in past worlds. In contrast, the philosophical discussions of "solidarity" refer to the altruism and mutuality typically found in close human relationships. This concept of "solidarity" is theoretically unfruitful and even misleading. I propose to abandon the term "solidarity" in order to regain sight of the individual phenomena. When these are taken into consideration, a return to the community is no longer called for. I rather argue that modern societies are perfectly capable of inspiring feelings of loyalty and civic virtues, though not by resorting to the old sources of "solidarity". Modern forms such as free associations, participation and, not least, the existence of a liberal society itself are sufficient. Public discussions of solidarity are additionally distorted by frequent appeals to a normative sense of the term. The argument put forward in this collectivist context that an obligation of solidarity results from gratefulness to the community is not found to be convincing. Individuals are not obliged to be grateful to a nation in a way that would be normatively binding.
|Keywords||community family personal relationships liberalism solidarity social cohesion welfare state|
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References found in this work BETA
Julia Annas (1993). The Morality of Happiness. Oxford University Press.
Michael Stocker (1976). The Schizophrenia of Modern Ethical Theories. Journal of Philosophy 73 (14):453-466.
Stephen Macedo (1992). [Book Review] Liberal Virtues, Citizenship, Virtue, and Community in Liberal Constitutionalism. [REVIEW] Ethics 102 (3):397-399.
Sibyl A. Schwarzenbach (1996). On Civic Friendship. Ethics 107 (1):97-128.
Citations of this work BETA
Carol C. Gould (2007). Transnational Solidarities. Journal of Social Philosophy 38 (1):148–164.
David Heyd (2007). Justice and Solidarity: The Contractarian Case Against Global Justice. Journal of Social Philosophy 38 (1):112–130.
Mariam Thalos (2012). Solidarity: A Motivational Conception. Philosophical Papers 41 (1):57-95.
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