David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
In Petr Cintula, Christian Fermuller, Lluis Godo & Petr Hajek (eds.), Reasoning Under Vagueness. College Publications (forthcoming)
In everyday language, we can call someone ‘consistent’ to say that they’re reliable, that they don’t change over time. Someone who’s consistently on time is always on time. Similarly, we can call someone ‘inconsistent’ to say the opposite: that they’re changeable, mercurial. A student who receives inconsistent grades on her tests throughout a semester has performed better on some than on others. With our philosophy hats on, though, we mean something quite different by ‘consistent’ and ‘inconsistent’. Something consistent is simply something that’s not contradictory. There’s nothing contradictory about being on time, so anyone who’s on time at all is consistently on time, in this sense of ‘consistent’. And only a student with an unusual teacher can receive inconsistent grades on her tests throughout a semester, in this sense of ‘inconsistent’. In this paper, I’ll use ‘consistent’ and ‘inconsistent’ in their usual philosophical sense: to mark the second distinction. By contrast, I’ll use ‘constant’ and ‘inconstant’ to mark the first distinction. And although we can, should, and do sharply distinguish the two distinctions, they are related. In particular, they have both been used to account for some otherwise puzzling phenomena surrounding vague language. According to some theorists, vague language is inconstant. According to others, it is inconsistent. I do not propose here to settle these differences; only to get a bit clearer about what the differences amount to, and to show what it would take to settle..
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
No categories specified
(categorize this paper)
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Mathias Frisch (2004). Inconsistency in Classical Electrodynamics. Philosophy of Science 71 (4):525-549.
Arvid Båve (2012). On Using Inconsistent Expressions. Erkenntnis 77 (1):133-148.
Arnon Avron, A Model-Theoretic Approach for Recovering Consistent Data From Inconsistent Knowledge-Bases.
Nicholas J. J. Smith (2011). Inconsistency in the A-Theory. Philosophical Studies 156 (2):231 - 247.
Chris Mortensen (1984). Aristotle's Thesis in Consistent and Inconsistent Logics. Studia Logica 43 (1-2):107 - 116.
Matt Weiner (2009). The (Mostly Harmless) Inconsistency of Knowledge Ascriptions. Philosophers' Imprint 9 (1):1-25.
Kevin Scharp (2013). Truth, the Liar, and Relativism. Philosophical Review 122 (3):427-510.
Mark van Roojen (1996). Expressivism and Irrationality. Philosophical Review 105 (3):311-335.
Diderik Batens (2005). The Theory of the Process of Explanation Generalized to Include the Inconsistent Case. Synthese 143 (1-2):63 - 88.
Michael Anderson, Walid Gomaa, John Grant & Don Perlis, Active Logic Semantics for a Single Agent in a Static World.
Ruth Kastner (2004). Weak Values and Consistent Histories in Quantum Theory. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B 35 (1):57-71.
Greg Restall (2002). Paraconsistency Everywhere. Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 43 (3):147-156.
Jonathan L. Gorman (2001). Justice and Toleration. The Proceedings of the Twentieth World Congress of Philosophy 11:43-50.
Mylan Engel (1991). Inconsistency. Grazer Philosophische Studien 40:113-130.
Added to index2010-11-03
Total downloads9 ( #173,767 of 1,410,297 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #155,456 of 1,410,297 )
How can I increase my downloads?