David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
My aim in this paper is to consider the conception of responsibility that is appropriate to the enforcement of standards of justice, both distributive and corrective. I will defend what I will call a reciprocity conception of responsibility, which supposes that responsibility must be understood in terms of norms governing what people are entitled to expect of each other. If I have sole responsibility to look out for myself, or for some interests of yours, then I am not entitled to expect anything from you or others and I am responsible, that is, answerable, for how things turn out. My argument for the reciprocity conception is meant to apply only to its role in institutions charged with giving justice. Conceptions of responsibility, other than this institutional one I defend, may well be appropriate, or unavoidable, for other purposes. In defending the reciprocity conception, I will be contrasting it with a family of non-instrumentalist conceptions of responsibility which I loosely group together under the title of “agency” conceptions. The grouping is loose, but legitimate, I think, because all members of the agency group suppose that the moral significance of responsibility derives from the ways in which a person acts in the world rather than, in distinction, upon what one may expect of others. In terms favoured by Gary Watson, agency conceptions suppose that the way in which a deed or consequence is attributed to the agency of its author, that is, “responsibility as attributability,” provides the basis for the moral interest we take in the responsibility of others, that is, “responsibility as moral accountability.”1 Different versions of the agency conception are all alike in supposing that the basis of a person’s moral accountability is fixed by the concept of attributability as applied to that person. But all versions of the agency conception suppose that to explain moral accountability, one must simply come up with the correct refinement of the idea of attributability..
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library||
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
Serena Olsaretti (2009). Responsibility and the Consequences of Choice. Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 109 (1pt2):165-188.
Kate Macdonald (2011). Re-Thinking 'Spheres of Responsibility': Business Responsibility for Indirect Harm. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 99 (4):549 - 563.
Similar books and articles
Kenton Machina (2007). Moral Responsibility—What is All the Fuss About? Acta Analytica 22 (1):29-47.
Barbara Applebaum (2005). In the Name of Morality: Moral Responsibility, Whiteness and Social Justice Education. Journal of Moral Education 34 (3):277-290.
Peter Vallentyne (2006). Hurley on Justice and Responsibility. [REVIEW] Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 72 (2):433 - 438.
Ellen Frankel Paul, Fred Dycus Miller & Jeffrey Paul (eds.) (1999). Responsibility. Cambridge University Press.
Stephen Wilmot (2001). Corporate Moral Responsibility: What Can We Infer From Our Understanding of Organisations? [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 30 (2):161 - 169.
Pascal Engel (2009). Epistemic Responsibility Without Epistemic Agency. Philosophical Explorations 12 (2):205 – 219.
Carl Knight (2011). Responsibility, Desert, and Justice. In Carl Knight & Zofia Stemplowska (eds.), Responsibility and Distributive Justice. Oxford University Press.
Garrath Williams (2008). Responsibility as a Virtue. Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 11 (4):455 - 470.
Garrath Williams, Moral Responsibility. Oxford Bibliographies Online.
Mark Coeckelbergh (2010). Criminals or Patients? Towards a Tragic Conception of Moral and Legal Responsibility. Criminal Law and Philosophy 4 (2):233-244.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads59 ( #21,771 of 1,089,104 )
Recent downloads (6 months)2 ( #42,836 of 1,089,104 )
How can I increase my downloads?