Can export-oriented aquaculture in developing countries be sustainable and promote sustainable development? The shrimp case
David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 22 (4):301-321 (2009)
Industrial shrimp farming has been promoted by international development and financial institutions in coastal indebted poor countries as a way to obtain foreign exchange earnings, reimburse external debt, and promote development. The promotion of the shrimp industry is a clear example of a more general trend of support of export-oriented primary products, consisting in monocultures of commodities, as opposed to the promotion of more diverse, traditional production directed to feed the local population. In general, it is assumed that export-oriented aquaculture and agriculture, in a framework of liberalization policies, facilitates economic growth and this is associated with poverty reduction and the improvement of food security. However, it has been shown that the promotion of export-oriented production, mostly in the hands of big corporations, can have detrimental consequences for the livelihoods of local populations and the environment. As a result, international institutions, NGOs, and the industry aim to minimize these impacts by promoting sustainable export-oriented production. But some impacts may remain, since the main issue is the primary focus on international deregulated markets and the search for cheap primary products. To illustrate the relationships between the mainstream concept of development, the environmental and social impact of industrial farming systems, and the promotion of export-oriented production in developing countries, this article analyzes the case of the shrimp aquaculture industry.
|Keywords||International financial institutions Food security Food sovereignty Food trade Liberalization policies Sustainable aquaculture|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
Conner Bailey (1988). The Political Economy of Fisheries Development in the Third World. Agriculture and Human Values 5 (1-2):35-48.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
J. S. Gavora & E. E. Lister (1989). Practical and Ethical Considerations of Agricultural Research Assistance for the Third World. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 2 (4):307-322.
Joanna Becker (2007). How Frameworks Can Help Operationalize Sustainable Development Indicators. World Futures 63 (2):137 – 150.
M. Haque (2000). Environmental Discourse and Sustainable Development Linkages and Limitations. Ethics and the Environment 5 (1):3-21.
Edna Sussman, Energy Charter Treaty's Investor Protection Provisions: Potential to Foster Solutions to Global Warming and Promote Sustainable Development.
Stephanie Yue Cottee & Paul Petersan (2009). Animal Welfare and Organic Aquaculture in Open Systems. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 22 (5):437-461.
Paul G. Harris (1997). Affluence, Poverty, and Ecology: Obligation, International Relations, and Sustainable Development. Ethics and the Environment 2 (2):121 - 138.
Siti Musa (2009). The Relationship Between Food Security and Trade Liberalization. International Corporate Responsibility Series 4:191-208.
Unctad Trade Analysis Branch Ditc, Roadblock to Reform: The Persistence of Agricultural Export Subsidies.
Kate Millar & Sandy Tomkins (2007). Ethical Analysis of the Use of GM Fish: Emerging Issues for Aquaculture Development. [REVIEW] Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 20 (5):437-453.
Added to index2009-02-02
Total downloads25 ( #65,711 of 1,096,465 )
Recent downloads (6 months)3 ( #90,211 of 1,096,465 )
How can I increase my downloads?