Evidence does not equal knowledge

Philosophical Studies 153 (2):235-242 (2009)
Abstract
Timothy Williamson has argued that a person S ’s total evidence is constituted solely by propositions that S knows. This theory of evidence entails that a false belief can not be a part of S ’s evidence base for a conclusion. I argue by counterexample that this thesis (E = K for now) forces an implausible separation between what it means for a belief to be justified and rational from one’s perspective and what it means to base one’s beliefs on the evidence. Furthermore, I argue that E = K entails the implausible result that there are cases in which a well-evidenced belief necessarily can not serve as evidence for a further proposition.
Keywords Epistemology  Evidence  Justification  Knowledge
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    References found in this work BETA
    Stewart Cohen (2002). Basic Knowledge and the Problem of Easy Knowledge. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 65 (2):309-329.
    Stewart Cohen (1984). Justification and Truth. Philosophical Studies 46 (3):279--95.
    Alvin I. Goldman (1999). Internalism Exposed. Journal of Philosophy 96 (6):271-293.
    Roger White (2006). Problems for Dogmatism. Philosophical Studies 131 (3):525--57.
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