David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Journal of Applied Philosophy 7 (1):45-50 (1990)
ABSTRACT This essay considers a common objection to commercial surrogacy on the grounds that the child is treated as a commodity for sale by the surrogate and the commissioning couple. I analyse one prevalent argument for the view that commercial surrogacy is a kind of baby‐selling, not service‐selling. I conclude that this argument rests on an implausible interpretation of what the reproductive services are. I defend an alternative interpretation of typical surrogacy agreements. Furthermore, I argue that this interpretation fails to support the conclusion that the surrogate is primarily or exclusively selling a baby, rather than her reproductive services. My primary concern is to diagnose a conceptual error in an argument against surrogacy. However, the interpretation of surrogacy arrangements that is defended helps to shift the focus from the issue of whether or not the child is degraded to the issue of whether or not the surrogate degrades herself or is degraded by the commissioning couple.
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References found in this work BETA
B. K. Rothman (1985). The Products of Conception: The Social Context of Reproductive Choices. Journal of Medical Ethics 11 (4):188-195.
Lori B. Andrews (1987). The Aftermath of Baby M: Proposed State Laws on Surrogate Motherhood. Hastings Center Report 17 (5):31-40.
W. J. Winslade (1981). Surrogate Mothers: Private Right or Public Wrong? Journal of Medical Ethics 7 (3):153-154.
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