David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Utilitas 15 (01):76- (2003)
Alan Carter's recent review in Mind of my Ethics of the Global Environment combines praise of biocentric consequentialism (as presented there and in Value, Obligation and Meta-Ethics) with criticisms that it could advocate both minimal satisfaction of human needs and the extinction of for the sake of generating extra people; Carter also maintains that as a monistic theory it is predictably inadequate to cover the full range of ethical issues, since only a pluralistic theory has this capacity. In this reply, I explain how the counter-intuitive implications of biocentric consequentialism suggested by Carter (for population, needs-satisfaction, and biodiversity preservation) are not implications, and argue that since pluralistic theories (in Carter's sense) either generate contradictions or collapse into monistic theories, the superiority of pluralistic theories is far from predictable. Thus Carter's criticisms fail to undermine biocentric consequentialism as a normative theory applicable to the generality of ethical issues
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
Robin Attfield (2009). Non-Reciprocal Responsibilities and the Banquet of the Kingdom. Journal of Global Ethics 5 (1):33 – 42.
Similar books and articles
Robin Attfield (2005). Biocentric Consequentialism and Value-Pluralism: A Response to Alan Carter. Utilitas 17 (1):85-92.
Alan Carter (2005). Inegalitarian Biocentric Consequentialism, the Minimax Implication and Multidimensional Value Theory: A Brief Proposal for a New Direction in Environmental Ethics. Utilitas 17 (1):62-84.
James P. Sterba (1995). From Biocentric Individualism to Biocentric Pluralism. Environmental Ethics 17 (2):191-207.
Paul W. Taylor (1983). In Defense of Biocentrism. Environmental Ethics 5 (3):237-243.
John O'neill (1991). Exploitation and Workers'Co-Operatives: A Reply to Alan Carter. Journal of Applied Philosophy 8 (2):231-235.
Victoria Davion (2006). Itch Scratching, Patio Building, and Pesky Flies: Biocentric Individualism Revisted. Environmental Ethics 28 (2):115-128.
Robin Attfield (2006). The Shape of a Global Ethic. Philosophy and Social Criticism 32 (1):5-19.
Karánn Durland (2008). The Prospects of a Viable Biocentric Egalitarianism. Environmental Ethics 30 (4):401-416.
Douglas W. Portmore (2011). 7 Consequentialism. In Christian Miller (ed.), Continuum Companion to Ethics. Continuum. 143.
Jason Kawall (2003). Reverence for Life as a Viable Environmental Virtue. Environmental Ethics 25 (4):339-358.
Jason Kawall (2008). On Behalf of Biocentric Individualism. Environmental Ethics 30 (1):69-88.
Added to index2010-08-30
Total downloads17 ( #95,289 of 1,098,129 )
Recent downloads (6 months)6 ( #42,748 of 1,098,129 )
How can I increase my downloads?