Humor and the virtues

Inquiry 31 (2):127 – 149 (1988)
Five dimensions of amusement are ethically searched: incongruity, perspectivity, dissociation, enjoyment, and freshness. Amusement perceives incongruities and virtues are formally congruities between one's character and one's nature. An ethical sense of humor is a sense for incongruities between people's behavior and character, and their telos. To appreciate any humor one must adopt a perspective, and in the case of ethical amusement this is the standpoint of one who possesses the virtues. In being amused at the incongruity of some human foible, one is dissociated from it, and adopts a ?higher? perspective. Thus a sense of humor about one's own foibles is a capacity of character?transcendence; but character?transcendence is basic to the very concept of a moral virtue. The prima facie moral dubiousness of enjoying failures of human fulfilment leads to placing certain restrictions on such enjoyment: a sense of humor cannot be a virtue unless allied with compassion and hope. Finally, amusement implies a certain vivacity of perception of the incongruity in question. It is thus a way, not merely of knowing or judging that certain things are fitting and others not, but of ?seeing? that
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DOI 10.1080/00201748808602144
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References found in this work BETA
John Morreall (1983). Taking Laughter Seriously. State University of New York Press.
Michael Philips (1984). Racist Acts And Racist Humor. Canadian Journal of Philosophy 14 (March):75-96.

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Citations of this work BETA
Luvell Anderson (2015). Racist Humor. Philosophy Compass 10 (8):501-509.
Joshua Shaw (2010). Philosophy of Humor. Philosophy Compass 5 (2):112-126.
Aaron Smuts (2010). The Ethics of Humor: Can Your Sense of Humor Be Wrong? Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 13 (3):333-347.

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