Reification and hegemony : the politics of culture in the writings of Georg Lukács and Antonio Gramsci, 1918-1938
David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
This study is a comparison of the development of the theories of reification and hegemony in the writings and political activities of Georg Lukacs and Antonio Gramsci during the years from 1918 to 1938. In demonstrating that reification and hegemony were formulated in response to the unsuccessful revolutionary movements in Hungary and Italy of 1919-1920, it becomes evident that the respective theories of Lukacs and Gramsci were meant to constitute critiques of bourgeois cultural domination. Thus, their problematic extends to analyses of more specific issues, such as the role of positivist science as the prevailing "paradigm of rationality" and the instrumental function of "traditional" and "organic intellectuals." The solutions that both theorists sought in order to overcome reification and hegemony are embedded in their neo-Hegelian interpretations of Marxism, where historical materialism is defined as a methodology characterised by its utilisation of the conceptual tools of "dialectic," "totality," and "absolute historicism." However, Lukacs was forced by historical circumstances to retreat into the realm of aesthetics, although he continued the critique of reification by way of his theory of critical realism. Simultaneously, Gramsci began to elaborate more practical solutions to cultural domination through his theory of the "war of position," catharsis, and counter-hegemony.
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library||
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Peter Ives (2009). Global English, Hegemony and Education: Lessons From Gramsci. Educational Philosophy and Theory 41 (6):661-683.
A. Chari (2010). Toward a Political Critique of Reification: Lukacs, Honneth and the Aims of Critical Theory. Philosophy and Social Criticism 36 (5):587-606.
Titus Stahl (2011). Verdinglichung als Pathologie zweiter Ordnung. Deutsche Zeitschrift für Philosophie 59 (5):731-746.
Peter Ives (2005). Language, Agency and Hegemony: A Gramscian Response to Post‐Marxism. Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy 8 (4):455-468.
Bob Jessop (2005). Gramsci as a Spatial Theorist. Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy 8 (4):421-437.
Harold Entwistle (1979). Antonio Gramsci: Conservative Schooling for Radical Politics. Routledge & K. Paul.
Guido Starosta (2003). Scientific Knowledge and Political Action: On the Antinomies of Lukács' Thought in "History and Class Consciousness". Science and Society 67 (1):39 - 67.
Joseph V. Femia (1987). Gramsci's Political Thought: Hegemony, Consciousness, and the Revolutionary Process. Clarendon Press.
Timo Jütten (2011). The Colonization Thesis: Habermas on Reification. International Journal of Philosophical Studies 19 (5):701 - 727.
Nythamar De Oliveira (2012). Heidegger, Reification and Formal Indication. Comparative and Continental Philosophy 4 (1):35 - 52.
Harry F. Dahms (1997). Theory in Weberian Marxism: Patterns of Critical Social Theory in Lukacs and Habermas. Sociological Theory 15 (3):181-214.
Nadia Urbinati (1998). From the Periphery of Modernity: Antonio Gramsci's Theory of Subordination and Hegemony. Political Theory 26 (3):370-391.
Debbie J. Hill (2009). A Brief Commentary on the Hegelian-Marxist Origins of Gramsci's 'Philosophy of Praxis'. Educational Philosophy and Theory 41 (6):605-621.
George Hull (2013). Reification and Social Criticism. Philosophical Papers 42 (1):49 - 77.
Adam David Morton (2005). A Double Reading of Gramsci: Beyond the Logic of Contingency. Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy 8 (4):439-453.
Added to index2011-01-07
Total downloads27 ( #112,401 of 1,725,305 )
Recent downloads (6 months)4 ( #167,146 of 1,725,305 )
How can I increase my downloads?