David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Behavioral and Brain Sciences 27 (2):227-262 (2004)
Little is known about how to generate plausible new scientific ideas. So it is noteworthy that 12 years of self-experimentation led to the discovery of several surprising cause-effect relationships and suggested a new theory of weight control, an unusually high rate of new ideas. The cause-effect relationships were: (1) Seeing faces in the morning on television decreased mood in the evening (>10 hrs later) and improved mood the next day (>24 hrs later), yet had no detectable effect before that (0–10 hrs later). The effect was strongest if the faces were life-sized and at a conversational distance. Travel across time zones reduced the effect for a few weeks. (2) Standing 8 hours per day reduced early awakening and made sleep more restorative, even though more standing was associated with less sleep. (3) Morning light (1 hr/day) reduced early awakening and made sleep more restorative. (4) Breakfast increased early awakening. (5) Standing and morning light together eliminated colds (upper respiratory tract infections) for more than 5 years. (6) Drinking lots of water, eating low-glycemic-index foods, and eating sushi each caused a modest weight loss. (7) Drinking unflavored fructose water caused a large weight loss that has lasted more than 1 year. While losing weight, hunger was much less than usual. Unflavored sucrose water had a similar effect. The new theory of weight control, which helped discover this effect, assumes that flavors associated with calories raise the body-fat set point: The stronger the association, the greater the increase. Between meals the set point declines. Self-experimentation lasting months or years seems to be a good way to generate plausible new ideas. Key Words: breakfast; circadian; colds; depression; discovery; fructose; innovation; insomnia; light; obesity; sitting; standing; sugar.
|Keywords||breakfast circadian colds depression discovery fructose innovation insomnia light obesity sitting standing sugar|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Sue A. Korol (2009). De-Signing Fat. International Journal of Applied Philosophy 23 (2):285-304.
Carlyle T. Smith (2005). Consolidation Enhancement: Which Stages of Sleep for Which Tasks? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 28 (1):83-84.
Benjamin Hale & Lauren Hale (2009). Choosing to Sleep. In Angus Dawson (ed.), The Philosophy of Public Health. Ashgate.
Piero Salzarulo (2000). Time Course of Dreaming and Sleep Organization. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (6):1000-1000.
Tinna Laufey Asgeirsdottir & Gylfi Zoega (2011). On the Economics of Sleeping. Mind and Society 10 (2):149-164.
Timothy Lane & C. M. Yang (2010). The Threshold of Wakefulness, the Experience of Control, and Theory Development. Consciousness and Cognition 19 (4):1095-1096.
Simon C. Moore & Joselyn L. Sellen (2004). Can the Process of Experimentation Lead to Greater Happiness? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 27 (2):271-271.
Sigrid S. Glenn (2004). Linking Self-Experimentation to Past and Future Science: Extended Measures, Individual Subjects, and the Power of Graphical Presentation. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 27 (2):264-264.
Peter Totterdell (2004). Ideas Galore: Examining the Moods of a Modern Caveman. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 27 (2):272-273.
Seth Roberts (2004). Self-Experimentation: Friend or Foe? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 27 (2):275-287.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads7 ( #198,658 of 1,140,337 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #140,127 of 1,140,337 )
How can I increase my downloads?