David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Journal of Chinese Philosophy 25 (1):31-49 (1998)
This article takes one of the richest historical debates, that of Hsun-Tzu and Mencius, as the contextual starting-point for the elaboration of human goodness. In support of Mencius, this article develops additional metaphysical and bio-social-evolutionary grounds, both of which parallel each other. The metaphysical analysis suggests that, in the spirit of Spinoza, an entity’s nature must necessarily include the drive toward its preservation. Likewise, the multi-faceted bio-social-evolutionary argument locates the fundamental telos of humanity in the preservation of social ties and species preservation, leading to a life-affirming philosophy and bio-psychological deduction of human emotions based on the primary emotion of love.
|Keywords||Hsun-Tzu Xunzi Mencius Confucianism Human Nature Human Goodness Good and Evil Bio-Social-Evolutionary Theory Bio-Psychological Deduction of the Emotions Self-Preservation as Essence Primacy of Love|
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References found in this work BETA
A. S. Cua (1978). The Quasi-Empirical Aspect of Hsün-Tzu's Philosophy of Human Nature. Philosophy East and West 28 (1):3-19.
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