David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Journal of Applied Philosophy 6 (2):159-170 (1989)
It has been argued by some that the present non-existence of future persons entails that whatever obligations we have towards them are not based on rights which they have or might come to have. This view is refuted. It is argued that the present non-existence of future persons is no impediment to the attribution of rights to them. It is also argued that, even if the present non-existence of future persons were an impediment to the attribution of rights to them, the rights they will have when they come into existence constitute a constraint on present actions. Both arguments build on a suggestion of Joel Feinberg's. Next, three arguments are considered which, while they do not highlight the non-existence issue, are related to it. The view that the causal dependence, of (some) future people on present policies, erodes or weakens the claim that rights considerations should constrain our present actions concerning them, is considered and rejected. The view that future people can only have rights to what is available at the time at which these people come into existence is considered and rejected. So too is the view that the attribution of rights to future people involves, in virtue of resource scarcity, an unacceptable arbitrariness
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
Jefferson McMahan (1981). Problems of Population Theory:Obligations to Future Generations. R. I. Sikora, Brian Barry. Ethics 92 (1):96-.
John Rawls (1988). The Priority of Right and Ideas of the Good. Philosophy and Public Affairs 17 (4):251-276.
Robert J. Yanal (1982). Queue Line Earth:Locke's Proviso and Energy Conservation. Metaphilosophy 13 (1):15–30.
Citations of this work BETA
Avner de-Shalit (1992). Community and the Rights of Future Generations: A Reply to Robert Elliot. Journal of Applied Philosophy 9 (1):105-115.
Derek Bell (2011). Does Anthropogenic Climate Change Violate Human Rights? Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy 14 (2):99-124.
Peter Marshall (1993). Thinking for Tomorrow: Reflections on Avner de-Shalit. Journal of Applied Philosophy 10 (1):105-113.
Similar books and articles
Doran Smolkin (1994). The Non-Identity Problem and the Appeal to Future People's Rights. Southern Journal of Philosophy 32 (3):315-329.
Robert E. Goodin (1990). Property Rights and Preservationist Duties. Inquiry 33 (4):401 – 432.
Ronald Bogue (2011). Deleuze and Guattari and the Future of Politics: Science Fiction, Protocols and the People to Come. Deleuze Studies 5 (supplement):77-97.
John M. Kistler (2002). People Promoting and People Opposing Animal Rights: In Their Own Words. Greenwood Press.
Makoto Usami (2011). Intergenerational Justice: The Rights of Future People or the Duty of Fair Play. Tokyo Institute of Technology Department of Social Engineering Discussion Paper (2011-05):1-19.
William J. FitzPatrick (2007). Climate Change and the Rights of Future Generations. Environmental Ethics 29 (4):369-388.
Ori J. Herstein (2009). The Identity and (Legal) Rights of Future Generations. The George Washington Law Review 77:1173.
Added to index2010-08-10
Total downloads32 ( #52,158 of 1,096,707 )
Recent downloads (6 months)7 ( #30,906 of 1,096,707 )
How can I increase my downloads?