David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jonathan Jenkins Ichikawa
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Consciousness and Cognition 12 (4):717-731 (2003)
When do children become aware of themselves as differentiated and unique entity in the world? When and how do they become self-aware? Based on some recent empirical evidence, 5 levels of self-awareness are presented and discussed as they chronologically unfold from the moment of birth to approximately 4-5 years of age. A natural history of children's developing self-awareness is proposed as well as a model of adult self-awareness that is informed by the dynamic of early development. Adult self-awareness is viewed as the dynamic flux between basic levels of consciousness that develop chronologically early in life
|Keywords||*Consciousness States *Self Actualization *Self Perception Childhood Development Human Potential Movement|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
Paul Harris (2000). The Work of the Imagination. Wiley-Blackwell.
Daniel J. Povinelli (2001). The Self: Elevated in Consciousness and Extended in Time. In Chris Moore & Karen Lemmon (eds.), The Self in Time: Developmental Perspectives. Lawrence Erlbaum 75-95.
G. G. Gallup (1982). Self-Awareness and the Emergence of Mind in Primates. American Journal of Primatology 2:237-48.
Edmund Carpenter (1995). The Tribal Terror of Self-Awareness. In Paul Hockings (ed.), Principles of Visual Anthropology. De Gruyter 481-492.
Colwyn Trevarthen (1979). Communiaction and Cooperation in Early Infancy: A Description of Primary Intersubjectivity. In M. Bullowa (ed.), Before Speech: The beginning of Human Communication. Cambridge University Press
Citations of this work BETA
Philippe Rochat & Dan Zahavi (2011). The Uncanny Mirror: A Re-Framing of Mirror Self-Experience. Consciousness and Cognition 20 (2):204-213.
Harry Farmer, Ana Tajadura-Jiménez & Manos Tsakiris (2012). Beyond the Colour of My Skin: How Skin Colour Affects the Sense of Body-Ownership. Consciousness and Cognition 21 (3):1242-1256.
Joëlle Proust (2007). Metacognition and Metarepresentation: Is a Self-Directed Theory of Mind a Precondition for Metacognition? [REVIEW] Synthese 159 (2):271 - 295.
Alain Morin (2006). Levels of Consciousness and Self-Awareness: A Comparison and Integration of Various Neurocognitive Views. Consciousness and Cognition 15 (2):358-371.
G. Knoblich & R. Flach (2003). Action Identity: Evidence From Self-Recognition, Prediction, and Coordination. Consciousness and Cognition 12 (4):620-632.
Similar books and articles
Robert Van Gulick (2006). Mirror, Mirror -- Is That All? In Uriah Kriegel & Kenneth Williford (eds.), Self-Representational Approaches to Consciousness. MIT Press
Frederick T. Travis & C. Pearson (2000). Pure Consciousness: Distinct Phenomenological and Physiological Correlates of "Consciousness Itself". International Journal of Neuroscience 100 (1):77-89.
John H. Flavell, F. L. Green & E. R. Flavell (2000). Development of Children's Awareness of Their Own Thoughts. Journal of Cognition and Development 1 (1):97-112.
John Louis Schwenkler (2009). Space and Self-Awareness. Dissertation, University of California, Berkeley
J. M. Govern & L. A. Marsch (2001). Development and Validation of the Situational Self-Awareness Scale. Consciousness and Cognition 10 (3):366-378.
Dan Zahavi (2000). Self and Consciousness. In Exploring the Self: Philosophical and Psychopathological Perspectives on Self-Experience. John Benjamins 55-74.
Gary E. Schwartz (2000). Individual Differences in Subtle Awareness and Levels of Awareness: Olfaction as a Model System. In Robert G. Kunzendorf & B. Alan Wallace (eds.), Individual Differences in Conscious Experience. John Benjamins 209.
P. Rochat (2004). The Emergence of Self Awareness as Co-Awareness in Early Child Development. In Dan Zahavi, T. Grunbaum & Josef Parnas (eds.), The Structure and Development of Self-Consciousness: Interdisciplinary Perspectives. John Benjamins
M. Wheeler (2000). Varieties of Consciousness and Memory in the Developing Child. In Endel Tulving (ed.), Memory, Consciousness, and the Brain: The Tallinn Conference. Psychology Press/Taylor & Francis
Katherine Nelson (2005). Emerging Levels of Consciousness in Early Human Development. In Herbert S. Terrace & Janet Metcalfe (eds.), The Missing Link in Cognition: Origins of Self-Reflective Consciousness. Oxford University Press 116-141.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads209 ( #16,369 of 1,941,073 )
Recent downloads (6 months)9 ( #103,254 of 1,941,073 )
How can I increase my downloads?