David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Consciousness and Cognition 12 (4):717-731 (2003)
When do children become aware of themselves as differentiated and unique entity in the world? When and how do they become self-aware? Based on some recent empirical evidence, 5 levels of self-awareness are presented and discussed as they chronologically unfold from the moment of birth to approximately 4-5 years of age. A natural history of children's developing self-awareness is proposed as well as a model of adult self-awareness that is informed by the dynamic of early development. Adult self-awareness is viewed as the dynamic flux between basic levels of consciousness that develop chronologically early in life
|Keywords||*Consciousness States *Self Actualization *Self Perception Childhood Development Human Potential Movement|
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Citations of this work BETA
Philippe Rochat & Dan Zahavi (2011). The Uncanny Mirror: A Re-Framing of Mirror Self-Experience. Consciousness and Cognition 20 (2):204-213.
L. Legrain, A. Cleeremans & A. Destrebecqz (2011). Distinguishing Three Levels in Explicit Self-Awareness. Consciousness and Cognition 20 (3):578-585.
M. N. Fargeau, N. Jaafari, S. Ragot, J. L. Houeto, C. Pluchon & R. Gil (2010). Alzheimer's Disease and Impairment of the Self. Consciousness and Cognition 19 (4):969-976.
Simone Schütz-Bosbach, Jason Jiri Musil & Patrick Haggard (2009). Touchant-Touché: The Role of Self-Touch in the Representation of Body Structure. Consciousness and Cognition 18 (1):2-11.
Francesca Ferri, Francesca Frassinetti, Francesca Mastrangelo, Anatolia Salone, Filippo Maria Ferro & Vittorio Gallese (2012). Bodily Self and Schizophrenia: The Loss of Implicit Self-Body Knowledge. Consciousness and Cognition 21 (3):1365-1374.
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