David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Mind 109 (434):255-273 (2000)
In this article I address the Problem of Universals by answering questions about what facts a solution to the Problem of Universals should explain and how the explanation should go. I argue that a solution to the Problem of Universals explains the facts the Problem of Universals is about by giving the truthmakers (as opposed to the conceptual content and the ontological commitments) of the sentences stating those facts. I argue that the sentences stating the relevant facts are those like 'a has the property F', that is, sentences stating that a particular has a certain property. Finally I show how answering these questions in this way transforms the Problem of Universals, traditionally conceived as the One over Many, that is, the problem of explaining how different particulars can have the same properties, into the Many over One, that is, the problem of explaining how the same particular can have different properties. The Problem of Universals is the problem of the Many over One.
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Citations of this work BETA
Ben Caplan & David Sanson (2011). Presentism and Truthmaking. Philosophy Compass 6 (3):196-208.
Benjamin Schnieder (2006). Truth-Making Without Truth-Makers. Synthese 152 (1):21-46.
Donnchadh O'Conaill & Tuomas E. Tahko (2015). Minimal Truthmakers. Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 96 (3):n/a-n/a.
Douglas Edwards (2008). How to Solve the Problem of Mixed Conjunctions. Analysis 68 (298):143–149.
Jeffrey E. Brower (2015). Aquinas on the Problem of Universals. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 91 (3).
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