David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jonathan Jenkins Ichikawa
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
In Denis Alexander & Ronald L. Numbers (eds.), Biology and Ideology From Descartes to Dawkins. The University of Chicago Press (2010)
During the eighteenth century, the specter of atheism was a major concern among many intellectuals in Europe. Many of the leading figures of the period such as François-Marie Arouet de Voltaire refuted atheism at every turn. These debates centered on living organisms, particularly questions about generation. Efforts to explain the process of generation raised biological, religious, and political questions. One popular theory put forward to address the question of generation was preformation, the belief that “germs” had been in existence since God created the world. This chapter first discusses the rise of preformationist thinking in the late seventeenth century before turning to the biological evidence that challenged preexistence in the mid-eighteenth century and analyzing the reaction it triggered among the preformationists. It also examines the work of Voltaire and Denis Diderot to illustrate how the generation debates are linked to the materialism question. The chapter concludes by showing how these controversies about nature and biology became entangled with politics in eighteenth-century France.
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
John A. Mourant (1968). Catholics and Unbelievers in Eighteenth Century France. Philosophical Studies 17:309-310.
Rémy G. Saisselin (1965). Taste in Eighteenth Century France. Syracuse, N.Y.]Syracuse University Press.
Julia Simon (2001). Beyond Contractual Morality: Ethics, Law, and Literature in Eighteenth-Century France. University of Rochester Press.
M. F. X. Millar (1941). Catholics and Unbelievers in Eighteenth Century France. Thought: A Journal of Philosophy 16 (1):160-162.
Ellen O'Gorman (1995). Tacitus in France C. Volpilhac-Auger: Tacite En France de Montesquieu À Chateaubriand. (Studies on Voltaire and the Eighteenth Century, 313.) Pp. Xii+597, Maps. Oxford: The Voltaire Foundation, 1993. £80/$144/FF 800. [REVIEW] The Classical Review 45 (02):409-411.
Hans V. Hansen & Jane McLeod (2012). Petitioning the King: The Case of Provincial Printers in Eighteenth-Century France. [REVIEW] Argumentation 26 (1):161-170.
Mark G. Spencer (2005). David Hume and Eighteenth-Century America. University of Rochester Press.
F. R. Cristi (1987). Mortal Politics in Eighteenth-Century France George Armstrong Kelly Waterloo: University of Waterloo Press, 1986. Pp. Xxiii, 334. $29.95. [REVIEW] Dialogue 26 (4):763.
Sorry, there are not enough data points to plot this chart.
Added to index2009-09-15
Recent downloads (6 months)0
How can I increase my downloads?