David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Dissertation, University of Helsinki (2007)
In this study I discuss G. W. Leibniz's (1646-1716) views on rational decision-making from the standpoint of both God and man. The Divine decision takes place within creation, as God freely chooses the best from an infinite number of possible worlds. While God's choice is based on absolutely certain knowledge, human decisions on practical matters are mostly based on uncertain knowledge. However, in many respects they could be regarded as analogous in more complicated situations. In addition to giving an overview of the divine decision-making and discussing critically the criteria God favours in his choice, I provide an account of Leibniz's views on human deliberation, which includes some new ideas. One of these concerns is the importance of estimating probabilities – in making decisions one estimates both the goodness of the act itself and its consequences as far as the desired good is concerned. Another idea is related to the plurality of goods in complicated decisions and the competition this may provoke. Thirdly, heuristic models are used to sketch situations under deliberation in order to help in making the decision. Combining the views of Marcelo Dascal, Jaakko Hintikka and Simo Knuuttila, I argue that Leibniz applied two kinds of models of rational decision-making to practical controversies, often without explicating the details. The more simple, traditional pair of scales model is best suited to cases in which one has to decide for or against some option, or to distribute goods among parties and strive for a compromise. What may be of more help in more complicated deliberations is the novel vectorial model, which is an instance of the general mathematical doctrine of the calculus of variations. To illustrate this distinction, I discuss some cases in which he apparently applied these models in different kinds of situation. These examples support the view that the models had a systematic value in his theory of practical rationality.
|Keywords||Rational Decision Decision models Leibniz|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Marcel Boumans (2008). Battle in the Planning Office: Field Experts Versus Normative Statisticians. Social Epistemology 22 (4):389 – 404.
Kevin Morrell (2004). Decision Making and Business Ethics: The Implications of Using Image Theory in Preference to Rational Choice. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 50 (3):239-252.
Marc D. Street, Chris Robertson & Scott W. Geiger (1997). Ethical Decision Making: The Effects of Escalating Commitment. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 16 (11):1153-1161.
Richard M. Shiffrin (2003). Locally Rational Decision-Making. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 26 (2):175-175.
Igor Douven (2002). Decision Theory and the Rationality of Further Deliberation. Economics and Philosophy 18 (2):303-328.
Tilmann Betsch & Carsten Held (2012). Rational Decision Making: Balancing RUN and JUMP Modes of Analysis. Mind and Society 11 (1):69-80.
Kirsten Martin & Bidhan Parmar (2012). Assumptions in Decision Making Scholarship: Implications for Business Ethics Research. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 105 (3):289-306.
Alex Mintz, Nehemia Geva & Karl Derouen (1994). Mathematical Models of Foreign Policy Decision-Making: Compensatory Vs. Noncompensatory. Synthese 100 (3):441 - 460.
Lars Sandman & Christian Munthe (2009). Shared Decision-Making and Patient Autonomy. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 30 (4):289-310.
Markku Roinila (2008). Leibniz's Models of Rational Decision. In Marcelo Dascal (ed.), Leibniz: What Kind of Rationalist? Springer. 357-370.
Added to index2010-03-17
Total downloads27 ( #75,515 of 1,679,289 )
Recent downloads (6 months)4 ( #60,223 of 1,679,289 )
How can I increase my downloads?