Animal mind: Science, philosophy, and ethics [Book Review]
David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Journal of Ethics 11 (3):253-274 (2007)
Although 20th-century empiricists were agnostic about animal mind and consciousness, this was not the case for their historical ancestors – John Locke, David Hume, Jeremy Bentham, John Stuart Mill, and, of course, Charles Darwin and George John Romanes. Given the dominance of the Darwinian paradigm of evolutionary continuity, one would not expect belief in animal mind to disappear. That it did demonstrates that standard accounts of how scientific hypotheses are overturned – i.e., by empirical disconfirmation or by exposure of logical flaws – is inadequate. In fact, it can be demonstrated that belief in animal mind disappeared as a result of a change of values, a mechanism also apparent in the Scientific Revolution. The “valuational revolution” responsible for denying animal mind is examined in terms of the rise of Behaviorism and its flawed account of the historical inevitability of denying animal mentation. The effects of the denial of animal consciousness included profound moral implications for the major uses of animals in agriculture and scientific research. The latter is particularly notable for the denial of felt pain in animals. The rise of societal moral concern for animals, however, has driven the “reappropriation of common sense” about animal thought and feeling.
|Keywords||animal consciousness animal ethics animal mind behaviorism scientific change|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Siobhan O'Sullivan (2011). Animals, Equality and Democracy. Palgrave Macmillan.
Bernard E. Rollin (2006). The Regulation of Animal Research and the Emergence of Animal Ethics: A Conceptual History. [REVIEW] Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 27 (4):285-304.
Claire Molloy (2011). Popular Media and Animals. Palgrave Macmillan.
Kirsten Schmidt (2011). Concepts of Animal Welfare in Relation to Positions in Animal Ethics. Acta Biotheoretica 59 (2):153-171.
John G. Taylor (2001). What Do Neuronal Network Models of the Mind Indicate About Animal Consciousness? Animal Welfare Supplement 10:63- 75.
Kathy Rudy (2011). Loving Animals: Toward a New Animal Advocacy. Univ of Minnesota Press.
Sandra F. Watt, Utilitarianism and Buddist Ethics: A Comparative Approach to the Ethics of Animal Research.
Bernard E. Rollin (1989). Ethical Obligations of Veterinarians and Animal Scientists in Animal Agriculture. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 2 (3):225-234.
David J. Mellor (2009). The Sciences of Animal Welfare. Wiley-Blackwell.
Mark Rowlands (2009). Animal Rights: Moral Theory and Practice. Palgrave Macmillan.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads118 ( #11,026 of 1,679,342 )
Recent downloads (6 months)7 ( #33,853 of 1,679,342 )
How can I increase my downloads?