David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (2):219-228 (2000)
There are many advantages to defining emotions as states elicited by reinforcers, with the states having a set of different functions. This approach leads towards an understanding of the nature of emotion, of its evolutionary adaptive value, and of many principles of brain design. It also leads towards a foundation for many of the processes that underlie evolutionary psychology and behavioral ecology. It is shown that recent as well as previous evidence implicates the amygdala and orbitofrontal cortex in positive as well as negative emotions. The issue of why emotional states feel like something is part of the much larger problem of phenomenal consciousness. It is argued that thinking about one's own thoughts would have adaptive value by enabling first order linguistic thoughts to be corrected. It is suggested that reflecting on and correcting one's own thoughts and plans would feel like something, and that phenomenal consciousness may occur when this type of monitoring process is taking place.
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
Ajay B. Satpute, Jian Kang, Kevin C. Bickart, Helena Yardley, Tor D. Wager & Lisa F. Barrett (2015). Involvement of Sensory Regions in Affective Experience: A Meta-Analysis. Frontiers in Psychology 6.
Similar books and articles
Alasdair I. Houston & John M. McNamara (2000). Adaptive Accounts of Physiology and Emotion. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (2):201-202.
Edmund T. Rolls (2005). Emotion Explained. OUP Oxford.
Ralph Adolphs (2000). Is Reward an Emotion? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (2):192-192.
Timo Järvilehto (2001). Feeling as Knowing--Part II: Emotion, Consciousness and Brain Activity. Consciousness and Emotion. Special Issue 2 (1):75-102.
Carroll Izard (2007). Levels of Emotion and Levels of Consciousness. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 30 (1):96-98.
Carroll Izard (2000). Reinforcement, Emotion, and Consciousness. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (2):202-204.
Timo Jarvilehto (2000). Feeling as Knowing--Part I: Emotion as Reorganization of the Organism-Environment System. Consciousness and Emotion 1 (2):245-257.
Aaron Ben-Ze'ev (2000). Are Emotions so Simple? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (2):194-194.
Jason L. Megill (2003). What Role Do the Emotions Play in Cognition? Towards a New Alternative to Cognitive Theories of Emotion. Consciousness and Emotion 4 (1):81-100.
Edmund T. Rolls (2000). Précis of the Brain and Emotion. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (2):177-191.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads35 ( #119,419 of 1,911,890 )
Recent downloads (6 months)3 ( #256,649 of 1,911,890 )
How can I increase my downloads?