David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (2):177-191 (2000)
The topics treated in The brain and emotion include the definition, nature, and functions of emotion (Ch. 3); the neural bases of emotion (Ch. 4); reward, punishment, and emotion in brain design (Ch. 10); a theory of consciousness and its application to understanding emotion and pleasure (Ch. 9); and neural networks and emotion-related learning (Appendix). The approach is that emotions can be considered as states elicited by reinforcers (rewards and punishers). This approach helps with understanding the functions of emotion, with classifying different emotions, and in understanding what information-processing systems in the brain are involved in emotion, and how they are involved. The hypothesis is developed that brains are designed around reward-and punishment-evaluation systems, because this is the way that genes can build a complex system that will produce appropriate but flexible behavior to increase fitness (Ch. 10). By specifying goals rather than particular behavioral patterns of responses, genes leave much more open the possible behavioral strategies that might be required to increase fitness. The importance of reward and punishment systems in brain design also provides a basis for understanding the brain mechanisms of motivation, as described in Chapters 2 for appetite and feeding, 5 for brain-stimulation reward, 6 for addiction, 7 for thirst, and 8 for sexual behavior. Key Words: amygdala; brain evolution; consciousness; dopamine; emotion; hunger; orbitofrontal cortex; punishment; reward; taste.
|Keywords||amygdala brain evolution consciousness dopamine emotion hunger orbitofrontal cortex punishment reward taste|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
Alexander Heinzel & Georg Northoff (2009). Emotional Feeling and the Orbitomedial Prefrontal Cortex: Theoretical and Empirical Considerations. Philosophical Psychology 22 (4):443 – 464.
Georg Northoff & Alexander Heinzel (2009). Emotional Feeling and the Orbitomedial Prefrontal Cortex: Theoretical and Empirical Considerations. Philosophical Psychology 22 (4):443-464.
Jaak Panksepp (2006). Are Emotions More Than Learned Behaviors? Trends in Cognitive Sciences 10 (3):96-97.
Seth Duncan & Lisa Feldman Barrett (2007). Affect is a Form of Cognition: A Neurobiological Analysis. Cognition and Emotion 21 (6):1184-1211.
Alexander Soutschek, Tilo Strobach & Torsten Schubert (forthcoming). Motivational and Cognitive Determinants of Control During Conflict Processing. Cognition and Emotion:1-14.
Similar books and articles
Timo Jarvilehto (2000). Feeling as Knowing--Part I: Emotion as Reorganization of the Organism-Environment System. Consciousness and Emotion 1 (2):245-257.
Carroll Izard (2007). Levels of Emotion and Levels of Consciousness. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 30 (1):96-98.
Simon Killcross (2000). Reinforcement and Punishment: Dissociable Systems for Action and Emotion? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (2):205-205.
Edmund T. Rolls (2000). On the Brain and Emotion. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (2):219-228.
Irving Kupfermann (2000). Reward: Wanted – a Better Definition. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (2):208-208.
Carroll Izard (2000). Reinforcement, Emotion, and Consciousness. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (2):202-204.
Edmund T. Rolls (2007). Emotion Explained. OUP Oxford.
Jason T. Ramsay & Marc D. Lewis (2000). The Causal Status of Emotions in Consciousness. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (2):215-216.
Ralph Adolphs (2000). Is Reward an Emotion? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (2):192-192.
Ross Buck (2000). Conceptualizing Motivation and Emotion. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (2):195-196.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads30 ( #62,346 of 1,102,046 )
Recent downloads (6 months)6 ( #52,490 of 1,102,046 )
How can I increase my downloads?