The regulation of animal research and the emergence of animal ethics: A conceptual history [Book Review]
David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 27 (4):285-304 (2006)
The history of the regulation of animal research is essentially the history of the emergence of meaningful social ethics for animals in society. Initially, animal ethics concerned itself solely with cruelty, but this was seen as inadequate to late 20th-century concerns about animal use. The new social ethic for animals was quite different, and its conceptual bases are explored in this paper. The Animal Welfare Act of 1966 represented a very minimal and in many ways incoherent attempt to regulate animal research, and is far from morally adequate. The 1985 amendments did much to render coherent the ethic for laboratory animals, but these standards were still inadequate in many ways, as enumerated here. The philosophy underlying these laws is explained, their main provisions are explored, and future directions that could move the ethic forward and further rationalize the laws are sketched.
|Keywords||animal ethics animal experimentation animal laws animal research regulation animal research ethics|
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References found in this work BETA
Rod Preece (ed.) (2002). Awe for the Tiger, Love for the Lamb: A Chronicle of Sensibility to Animals. Ubc Press.
Citations of this work BETA
Julia Tanner (2015). Clarifying the Concept of Cruelty: What Makes Cruelty to Animals Cruel. Heythrop Journal 56 (5):818-835.
Misago Seth & Fredy Saguti (2012). Animal Research Ethics in Africa: Is Tanzania Making Progress? Developing World Bioethics 12 (3):158-162.
Andrew Fenton (2012). On the Need to Redress an Inadequacy in Animal Welfare Science: Toward an Internally Coherent Framework. Biology and Philosophy 27 (1):73-93.
Bernard Rollin (2009). Scientific Autonomy and the 3Rs. American Journal of Bioethics 9 (12):62-64.
Vanessa Carli Bones (2012). The Emergence of Veterinary Oaths: Social, Historical, and Ethical Considerations. Journal of Animal Ethics 2 (1):20-42.
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