Magnetism and Bradwardine's Rule of Motion in Fourteenth- and Fifteenth-Century Treatises

Early Science and Medicine 15 (6):618-647 (2010)
Abstract
In his Tractatus de proportionibus, Thomas Bradwardine describes some devices consisting of a magnet and pieces of iron, in order to put his rule of motion to the test. These devices, or similar ones, are also found in the Questiones super libros Physicorum of Nicole Oresme, and in three works by Blasius of Parma, namely the Questiones de ponderibus, the Questiones super libros Physicorum and the Questiones circa Tractatum proportionum. In this paper, I describe these devices, while examining the theory of magnetism that is in use and I analyse how the arguments on magnets demarcate the field of application of the rule of motion.
Keywords MAGNETISM   NICOLE ORESME   ARISTOTLE   NATURAL PHILOSOPHY   THOMAS BRADWARDINE   BLASIUS OF PARMA   MOTION
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