Berkeley, helmholtz, the moon illusion, and two visual systems

Behavioral and Brain Sciences 25 (1):116-117 (2001)
Berkeley and Helmholtz proposed different indirect mechanisms for size perception: Berkeley, that size was conditioned to various cues, independently of perceived distance; Helmholtz, that it was unconsciously calculated from angular size and perceived distance. The geometrical approach cannot explain size-distance paradoxes (e.g., moon illusion). The dorsal/ventral solution is dubious for close displays and untestable for far displays.
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DOI 10.1017/S0140525X02440022
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