David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Ethics and Information Technology 3 (1):35-54 (2001)
Controlling access to the Internet by means of filtering softwarehas become a growth industry in the U.S. and elsewhere. Its usehas increased as the mandatory response to the current plagues ofsociety, namely, pornography, violence, hate, and in general,anything seen to be unpleasant or threatening. Also of potentialconcern is the possible limitation of access to Web sites thatdiscuss drugs, without distinguishing advocacy from scientificand informed analysis of addiction. With the rise of an effectivecreationist movement dedicated to the elimination of evolutionarytheory in the curriculum, it is to be expected that attempts willbe made to limit access to sites presenting such theories, incertain jurisdictions in the U.S. The current preferred method ofchoice to limit access is to filter content either by blockingaccess to specific Web sites, referred to by their URLs, or byusing a large set of keywords to prevent accessing sites thatcontain one or more of these words. Another more insidious schemeis to encourage or even require every Web site to rate itscontent along a number of dimensions, including violence,language, sexual explicitness, and nudity. Then individualbrowsers can be programmed to return references only to thosesites that fall below a pre-specified profile. The dangers forfree speech inherent in such schemes will be discussed. Effortsto produce legislation in the U.S. to mandate the use offiltering or rating programs will be described, as will somerecent court decisions involving their use in libraries.
|Keywords||ethics filters free speech Internet laws libraries United States|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
|Through your library||Configure|
Similar books and articles
Guido Boella Steve Barker, M. Gabbay Dov & Valerio Genovese (2009). A Meta-Model of Access Control in a Fibred Security Language. Studia Logica 92 (3).
John Weckert (2000). What is so Bad About Internet Content Regulation? Ethics and Information Technology 2 (2):105-111.
William Wresch (2009). Progress on the Global Digital Divide: An Ethical Perspective Based on Amartya Sen's Capabilities Model. [REVIEW] Ethics and Information Technology 11 (4):255-263.
Dan W. Brock (1992). Voluntary Active Euthanasia. Hastings Center Report 22 (2):10-22.
Richard J. Arneson (1982). The Principle of Fairness and Free-Rider Problems. Ethics 92 (4):616-633.
Sandra Woien, Mohamad Rady, Joseph Verheijde & Joan McGregor (2006). Organ Procurement Organizations Internet Enrollment for Organ Donation: Abandoning Informed Consent. [REVIEW] BMC Medical Ethics 7 (14):1-9.
Gordon Hull (2009). Overblocking Autonomy: The Case of Mandatory Library Filtering Software. [REVIEW] Continental Philosophy Review 42 (1):81-100.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads7 ( #147,241 of 1,005,862 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #64,735 of 1,005,862 )
How can I increase my downloads?