In E. Craig (ed.), Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Routledge (1998)
|Abstract||Dualism is the view that mental phenomena are, in some respect, nonphysical. The best-known version is due to Descartes, and holds that the mind is a nonphysical substance. Descartes argued that, because minds have no spatial properties and physical reality is essentially extended in space, minds are wholly nonphysical. Every human being is accordingly a composite of two objects: a physical body, and a nonphysical object that is that human being's mind. On a weaker version of dualism, which contemporary thinkers find more acceptable, human beings are physical substances but have mental properties, and those properties aren't physical. This view is known as property dualism, or the dual-aspect theory|
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Similar books and articles
Howard M. Robinson (2002). Dualism. In Stephen P. Stich & Ted A. Warfield (eds.), Blackwell Guide to Philosophy of Mind. Blackwell.
Thomas W. Polger (2012). Metaphysics of Mind. In Robert Barnard Neil Manson (ed.), Continuum Companion to Metaphysics.
Paul F. Snowdon (1989). On Formulating Materialism and Dualism. In John Heil (ed.), Cause, Mind, and Reality: Essays Honoring C. B. Martin. Kluwer.
Dean Zimmerman (forthcoming). From Property Dualism to Substance Dualism. Aristotelian Society Proceedings Supplement 84 (1):119-150.
David M. Rosenthal (1994). The Identity Theory. In Samuel D. Guttenplan (ed.), A Companion to the Philosophy of Mind. Blackwell.
Gordon Barnes (2001). Should Property-Dualists Be Substance-Hylomorphists? Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association 75:285-299.
Robert Francescotti (2001). Property Dualism Without Substance Dualism? Philosophical Papers 30 (2):93-116.
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