La moral y sus sombras: la racionalidad instrumental y la evolución de las normas de equidad (Morality and its Shadows: Instrumental Rationality and the Evolution of Fairness Norms)

Critica 37 (110):79 - 104 (2005)
Abstract
Los sociobiólogos han defendido una posición "calvinista" que se resume en la siguiente fórmula: si la selección natural explica las actitudes morales, no hay altruismo genuino en la moral; si la moral es altruista, entonces la selección natural no puede explicarla. En este ensayo desenmascaro los presupuestos erróneos de esta posición y defiendo que el altruismo como equidad no es incompatible con la selección natural. Rechazo una concepción hobbesiana de la moral, pero sugiero su empleo en la interpretación de la psicología de los primates no humanos y en un modelo de progresión evolutiva que habría llevado a la moralidad como adaptación pasando por la razón instrumental. /// Sociobiologists have endorsed a "Calvinist" position captured in the following formula: if natural selection explains moral attitudes, morality is not genuinely altruistic; if morality is altruistic, then natural selection cannot explain it. I expose the false presuppositions behind this claim and argüe that altruism as fairness is not incompatible with natural selection. I reject a Hobbesian view of morality as an instrumental endorsement of fairness norms, but suggest its use to interpret primate psychology and to model an evolutionary progression ending in moral capacities as adaptations.
Keywords Evolutionary ethics  Hobbesian morality  fairness
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PhilPapers Archive Alejandro Rosas, La moral y sus sombras: la racionalidad instrumental y la evolución de las normas de equidad (Morality and its Shadows: Instrumental Rationality and the Evolution of Fairness Norms)
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