David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Biology and Philosophy 23 (2):205-215 (2008)
Views on the evolution of altruism based upon multilevel selection on structured populations pay little attention to the difference between fortuitous and deliberate processes leading to assortative grouping. Altruism may evolve when assortative grouping is fortuitously produced by forces external to the organism. But when it is deliberately produced by the same proximate mechanism that controls altruistic responses, as in humans, exploitation of altruists by selfish individuals is unlikely and altruism evolves as an individually advantageous trait. Groups formed with altruists of this sort are special, because they are not affected by subversion from within. A synergistic process where altruism is selected both at the individual and at the group level can take place.
|Keywords||Philosophy Evolutionary Biology Philosophy of Biology|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
Elliott Sober & David Sloan Wilson (1998). Unto Others: The Evolution and Psychology of Unselfish Behavior. Harvard University Press.
Herb Gintis, Samuel Bowles, Robert Boyd & Fehr & Ernst (2009). Explaining Altruistic Behaviour in Humans. In Robin Dunbar & Louise Barrett (eds.), Oxford Handbook of Evolutionary Psychology. OUP Oxford
David Hume (1977). Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding. Clarendon Press.
Ernst Fehr & Urs Fischbacher (2004). Social Norms and Human Cooperation. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 8 (4):185-190.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
James A. van Slyke (2010). Cognitive and Evolutionary Factors in the Emergence of Human Altruism. Zygon 45 (4):841-859.
Joachim Dagg (2012). The Paradox of Sexual Reproduction and the Levels of Selection: Can Sociobiology Shed a Light? Philosophy and Theory in Biology 4 (20130604).
Alejandro Rosas (2010). Beyond Inclusive Fitness? On A Simple And General Explanation For The Evolution of Altruism. Philosophy and Theory in Biology 2 (20130604).
Catherine Driscoll (2006). The Bowerbirds and the Bees: Miller on Art, Altruism, and Sexual Selection. Philosophical Psychology 19 (4):507 – 526.
Peter Godfrey-Smith (2006). Local Interaction, Multilevel Selection, and Evolutionary Transitions. Biological Theory 1 (4):372-380.
Peter Godfrey-Smith (2008). Varieties of Population Structure and the Levels of Selection. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 59 (1):25-50.
Alejandro Rosas (2007). Beyond the Sociobiological Dilemma: Social Emotions and the Evolution of Morality. Zygon 42 (3):685-700.
Samir Okasha (2005). Altruism, Group Selection and Correlated Interaction. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 56 (4):703-725.
Grant Ramsey & Robert Brandon (2011). Why Reciprocal Altruism is Not a Kind of Group Selection. Biology and Philosophy 26 (3):385-400.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads55 ( #62,214 of 1,726,249 )
Recent downloads (6 months)13 ( #53,688 of 1,726,249 )
How can I increase my downloads?