David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Public Reason 2 (2):21-39 (2010)
A polity is grounded in a modus vivendi (MV) when its main features can be presented as the outcome of a virtually unrestricted bargaining process. Is MV compatible with the consensus-based account of liberal legitimacy, i.e. the view that political authority is well grounded only if the citizenry have in some sense freely consented to its exercise? I show that the attraction of MV for consensus theorists lies mainly in the thought that a MV can be presented as legitimated through a realist account of public justification. Yet I argue that, because of persistent ethical diversity, that realism problematically conflicts with the liberal commitments that underpin the very ideas of consensus and public justification. Thus, despite the interest it has recently attracted from critics of political liberalism and deliberative democracy, MV is not an option for those wishing to ground liberal political authority in some form of consensus. So if realist and agonistic critiques are on target, then the fact that modus vivendi is not an option casts some serious doubt on the viability of the consensus view of liberal legitimacy.
|Keywords||consensus legitimacy liberalism modus vivendi Rawls public reason realism|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
|Through your library||Configure|
Similar books and articles
Robert B. Talisse (2003). Rawls on Pluralism and Stability. Critical Review 15 (1-2):173-194.
David McCabe (2010). Modus Vivendi Liberalism: Theory and Practice. Cambridge University Press.
John Gray (1998). Where Pluralists and Liberals Part Company. International Journal of Philosophical Studies 6 (1):17 – 36.
R. Sala (2013). The Place of Unreasonable People Beyond Rawls. European Journal of Political Theory 12 (3):253-270.
Enzo Rossi (2013). Legitimacy, Democracy and Public Justification: Rawls' Political Liberalism Versus Gaus' Justificatory Liberalism. Res Publica (1):1-17.
Philip Cook (2009). Fairness Consensus and the Justification of the Ideal Liberal Constitution. Canadian Journal of Law and Jurisprudence 22 (1):165-186.
A. Ferrara (2012). Hyper-Pluralism and the Multivariate Democratic Polity. Philosophy and Social Criticism 38 (4-5):435-444.
Jon Mahoney (2004). Public Reason and the Moral Foundation of Liberalism. Journal of Moral Philosophy 1 (3):311-331.
Robert B. Talisse (2000). Two‐Faced Liberalism: John Gray's Pluralist Politics and the Reinstatement of Enlightenment Liberalism. Critical Review 14 (4):441-458.
Mathias Thaler (2009). From Public Reason to Reasonable Accommodation: Negotiating the Place of Religion in the Public Sphere. Diacrítica. Revista Do Centro de Estudos Humanísticos da Universidade de Minho 23 (2):249-270.
Enzo Rossi (2013). Consensus, Compromise, Justice and Legitimacy. Critical Review of Social and International Political Philosophy 16 (4):557-572.
Simon Căbulea May (2009). Religious Democracy and the Liberal Principle of Legitimacy. Philosophy and Public Affairs 37 (2):136-170.
James Boettcher (2004). What is Reasonableness? Philosophy and Social Criticism 30 (5-6):597-621.
Added to index2011-04-12
Total downloads39 ( #36,208 of 1,008,319 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #64,735 of 1,008,319 )
How can I increase my downloads?