Graduate studies at Western
Neuroethics 1 (1):19-30 (2008)
|Abstract||Brain images are used both as scientific evidence and to illustrate the results of neuroimaging experiments. These images are apt to be viewed as photographs of brain activity, and in so viewing them people are prone to assume that they share the evidential characteristics of photographs. Photographs are epistemically compelling, and have a number of characteristics that underlie what I call their inferential proximity. Here I explore the aptness of the photography analogy, and argue that although neuroimaging does bear important similarities to photography, the details of the generation and analysis of neuroimages significantly complicate the relation of the image to the data. Neuroimages are not inferentially proximate, but their seeming so increases the potential for misinterpretation. This suggests caution in appealing to such images in the public domain.|
|Keywords||Functional magnetic resonance imaging Neuroimaging Inferential distance|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
|Through your library||Configure|
Similar books and articles
Sergi G. Costafreda (2012). Meta-Analysis, Mega-Analysis, and Task Analysis in fMRI Research. Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 18 (4):275-277.
Adina L. Roskies (2009). Brain‐Mind and Structure‐Function Relationships: A Methodological Response to Coltheart. Philosophy of Science 76 (5).
Christian G. Huber (2009). Interdependence of Theoretical Concepts and Neuroimaging Data. Poiesis and Praxis 6 (3-4):203-217.
Walter Sinnott-Armstrong Adina Roskies Teneille Brown Emily Murphy (2008). Brain Images as Legal Evidence. Episteme 5 (3):pp. 359-373.
Mikael Pettersson (2011). Depictive Traces: On the Phenomenology of Photography. Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 69 (2):185-196.
Steven E. Petersen & Adina L. Roskies (2001). Visualizing Human Brain Function. In E. Bizzi, P. Calissano & V. Volterra (eds.), Frontiers of Life, Vol Iii: The Intelligent Systems, Part One: The Brain of Homo Sapiens. Academic Press.
Colin Klein (2010). Images Are Not the Evidence in Neuroimaging. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 61 (2):265-278.
Christian G. Huber & Johannes Huber (2009). Epistemological Considerations on Neuroimaging – a Crucial Prerequisite for Neuroethics. Bioethics 23 (6):340-348.
Adina L. Roskies (2007). Are Neuroimages Like Photographs of the Brain? Philosophy of Science 74 (5):860-872.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads79 ( #12,245 of 739,352 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #61,538 of 739,352 )
How can I increase my downloads?