David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jonathan Jenkins Ichikawa
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Science and Engineering Ethics 1 (4):361-370 (1995)
Authorship on publications has been described as a “meal ticket” for researchers in academic settings. Given the importance of authorship, inappropriate publication credit is a pertinent ethical issue. This paper presents an overview of authorship problems and policies intended to address them. Previous work has identified three types of inappropriate authorship practices: plagiarism, giving unwarranted credit and failure to give expected credit. Guidelines from universities, journals and professional organizations provide standards about requirements of authors and may describe inappropriate practices; to a lesser extent, they provide guidance for determining authorship order. While policies on authorship may be helpful in some circumstances, they are not panaceas. Formal guidelines may not address serious power imbalances in working relationships and may be difficult to enforce in the face of particular departmental or institutional cultures. In order to develop more effective and useful guidelines, we should gain more knowledge about how students and faculty members perceive policies as well as their understanding of how policies will best benefit collaborators.
|Keywords||authorship credit ethics grant proposals policy publications|
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References found in this work BETA
Bentley Glass (1969). The Ethical Basis of Science. Technion-Israel Institute of Technology.
Citations of this work BETA
David B. Resnik (1997). A Proposal for a New System of Credit Allocation in Science. Science and Engineering Ethics 3 (3):237-243.
Dr C. Whitbeck (1995). Truth and Trustworthiness in Research. Science and Engineering Ethics 1 (4):403-416.
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