David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Cognitive Science 36 (5):919-932 (2012)
We investigated the understanding of causal systems categories—categories defined by common causal structure rather than by common domain content—among college students. We asked students who were either novices or experts in the physical sciences to sort descriptions of real-world phenomena that varied in their causal structure (e.g., negative feedback vs. causal chain) and in their content domain (e.g., economics vs. biology). Our hypothesis was that there would be a shift from domain-based sorting to causal sorting with increasing expertise in the relevant domains. This prediction was borne out: The novice groups sorted primarily by domain and the expert group sorted by causal category. These results suggest that science training facilitates insight about causal structures
|Keywords||Relational categories Categorization Expertise Causal reasoning|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
Woo-Kyoung Ahn, Charles W. Kalish, Douglas L. Medin & Susan A. Gelman (1995). The Role of Covariation Versus Mechanism Information in Causal Attribution. Cognition 54 (3):299-352.
M. T. H. Chi, P. J. Feltovich & R. Glaser (1981). Categorization and Representation of Physics Problems by Experts and Novices. Cognitive Science 5 (2):121-52.
Dedre Gentner & J. Asmuth (2008). Can Relationality Be Distinguished From Abstractness in Noun Mutability. In B. C. Love, K. McRae & V. M. Sloutsky (eds.), Proceedings of the 30th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society. Cognitive Science Society 863--868.
Dedre Gentner & Cecile Toupin (1986). Systematicity and Surface Similarity in the Development of Analogy. Cognitive Science 10 (3):277-300.
Micah B. Goldwater, Arthur B. Markman & C. Hunt Stilwell (2011). The Empirical Case for Role-Governed Categories. Cognition 118 (3):359-376.
Citations of this work BETA
Wolff‐Michael Roth & Timothy J. Mavin (2015). Peer Assessment of Aviation Performance: Inconsistent for Good Reasons. Cognitive Science 39 (2):405-433.
Similar books and articles
Charles Kemp, Noah D. Goodman & Joshua B. Tenenbaum (2010). Learning to Learn Causal Models. Cognitive Science 34 (7):1185-1243.
Brett K. Hayes & Bob Rehder (2012). The Development of Causal Categorization. Cognitive Science 36 (6):1102-1128.
York Hagmayer, Björn Meder, Momme von Sydow & Michael R. Waldmann (2011). Category Transfer in Sequential Causal Learning: The Unbroken Mechanism Hypothesis. Cognitive Science 35 (5):842-873.
Iain Martel (2008). The Principle of the Common Cause, the Causal Markov Condition, and Quantum Mechanics: Comments on Cartwright. In Luc Bovens, Carl Hoefer & Stephan Hartmann (eds.), Nancy Cartwright's Philosophy of Science. Routledge 242-262.
Alison Gopnik, Sorting and Acting with Objects in Early Childhood: An Exploration of the Use of Causal Cues.
Herbert A. Simon & Nicholas Rescher (1966). Cause and Counterfactual. Philosophy of Science 33 (4):323-340.
Bob Rehder & Reid Hastie (2001). Causal Knowledge and Categories: The Effects of Causal Beliefs on Categorization, Induction, and Similarity. Journal of Experimental Psychology 130 (3):323-360.
Scott A. Shalkowski (1992). Supervenience and Causal Necessity. Synthese 90 (1):55-87.
Bob Coecke & Raymond Lal (2013). Causal Categories: Relativistically Interacting Processes. [REVIEW] Foundations of Physics 43 (4):458-501.
Anjan Chakravartty (2005). Causal Realism: Events and Processes. [REVIEW] Erkenntnis 63 (1):7 - 31.
Douglas Ehring (1986). Causal Processes and Causal Interactions. PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1986:24 - 32.
Martin Bunzl (1984). A Causal Model for Causal Priority. Erkenntnis 21 (1):31 - 44.
Added to index2012-05-17
Total downloads10 ( #215,417 of 1,700,244 )
Recent downloads (6 months)5 ( #128,702 of 1,700,244 )
How can I increase my downloads?