David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Synthese 136 (3):389 - 408 (2003)
A suggestion famously made by Peter Winch and carried through to present discussions holds that what constitutes the social as a kind consists of something shared -- rules or practices commonly learned, internalized, or otherwise acquired by all members belonging to a society. This essays argues against the explanatory efficacy of appeals to this shared something as constitutive of a social kind by examining a violation of social norms or rules, viz., mistakes. I argue that an asymmetric relation exists between the notion of mistakes and that of the social. In particular, mistakes do not presuppose a concept of the social, but the concept of the social requires prior specification of a category of mistakes. But no such prior specification proves possible. The very notion of a mistake is so inchoate that it makes it impossible to provide the kind of regimentation required for a rule-governed domain. Thus, there may be recognized mistakes even in the absence of a unified system or common knowledge of norms. Later writers attempt to avoid Winch's over-strong assumption that something shared and internal constitutes the social but cannot. Extending recent work by Stephen Turner, I argue that "the social" is not a domain that is susceptible to lawlike treatment, but rather a heterogeneous, motley collection. For absent the assumption of a shared something, no social object exists to be explained. So, I conclude, we have at present no clear way of marking out the social as a coherent or unified domain of inquiry.
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
No categories specified
(categorize this paper)
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
Paul A. Roth (2009). Quo Vadis? Quine's Web, Kuhn's Revolutions, and Baert's “Way Forward”. [REVIEW] Human Studies 32 (3):357 - 363.
Maksymilian Del Mar (2010). Normativism, Anti-Normativism and Humanist Pragmatism. Human Studies 33 (2):305-323.
Patrick Baert (2009). Research with a Purpose: A Reply to My Critics. [REVIEW] Human Studies 32 (3):391 - 400.
Similar books and articles
Paul A. Roth (2003). ``Mistakes''. Synthese 136 (3):389-408.
Paul Roth (2003). ``Mistakes''. Synthese 136 (3):389-408.
Ofra Magidor (2009). Category Mistakes Are Meaningful. Linguistics and Philosophy 32 (6):553-581.
W. G. Runciman (1972). A Critique of Max Weber's Philosophy of Social Science. Cambridge [Eng.]University Press.
Christopher J. G. Meacham (2010). Two Mistakes Regarding the Principal Principle. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 61 (2):407-431.
Rachelle D. Hollander (2002). Social Genomics: Genomic Inventions in Society. Science and Engineering Ethics 8 (4):485-496.
Sverre Wide (2009). On the Art of Being Wrong: An Essay on the Dialectic of Errors. Journal of Philosophy of Education 43 (4):573-588.
Alan Soble (1999). Bad Apples: Feminist Politics and Feminist Scholarship. Philosophy of the Social Sciences 29 (3):354-388.
Anne Warfield Rawls (2011). Wittgenstein, Durkheim, Garfinkel and Winch: Constitutive Orders of Sensemaking. Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 41 (4):396-418.
Larry Alexander (2009). Facts, Law, Exculpation, and Inculpation: Comments on Simons. Criminal Law and Philosophy 3 (3):241-245.
Alessio Lo Giudice (2009). The Shared Perception of Social Contexts and its Conditions for Possibility. Ratio Juris 22 (3):395-415.
Added to index2011-05-29
Total downloads23 ( #76,300 of 1,102,742 )
Recent downloads (6 months)3 ( #120,386 of 1,102,742 )
How can I increase my downloads?