Odd Choices: On the Rationality of Some Alleged Anomalies of Decision and Inference

Topoi 30 (1):59-69 (2011)
This paper presents a number of apparent anomalies in rational choice scenarios, and their translation into the logic of everyday reasoning. Three classes of examples that have been discussed in the context of probabilistic choice since the 1960s (by Debreu, Tversky and others) are analyzed in a non-probabilistic setting. It is shown how they can at the same time be regarded as logical problems that concern the drawing of defeasible inferences from a given information base. I argue that initial appearances notwithstanding, these cases should not be classed as instances of irrationality in choice or reasoning. One way of explaining away their apparent oddity is to view certain aspects of these examples as making particular options salient. The decision problems in point can then be solved by ‘picking’ these options, although they could not have been ‘chosen’ in a principled way, due to ties or incomparabilities with alternative options.
Keywords rational choice  irrationality  inference  non-monotonic logic   context effects
Categories (categorize this paper)
DOI 10.1007/s11245-010-9084-1
 Save to my reading list
Follow the author(s)
My bibliography
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Revision history Request removal from index
Download options
PhilPapers Archive

Upload a copy of this paper     Check publisher's policy on self-archival     Papers currently archived: 16,658
External links
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
Through your library
References found in this work BETA
E. Shafir (1993). Reason-Based Choice. Cognition 49 (1-2):11-36.

View all 13 references / Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

No citations found.

Add more citations

Similar books and articles
Reed Richter (1984). Rationality Revisited. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 62 (4):392 – 403.
G. Aldo Antonelli, Non-Monotonic Logic. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.

Monthly downloads

Added to index


Total downloads

12 ( #202,741 of 1,725,989 )

Recent downloads (6 months)

3 ( #210,870 of 1,725,989 )

How can I increase my downloads?

My notes
Sign in to use this feature

Start a new thread
There  are no threads in this forum
Nothing in this forum yet.