David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Topoi 30 (1):59-69 (2011)
This paper presents a number of apparent anomalies in rational choice scenarios, and their translation into the logic of everyday reasoning. Three classes of examples that have been discussed in the context of probabilistic choice since the 1960s (by Debreu, Tversky and others) are analyzed in a non-probabilistic setting. It is shown how they can at the same time be regarded as logical problems that concern the drawing of defeasible inferences from a given information base. I argue that initial appearances notwithstanding, these cases should not be classed as instances of irrationality in choice or reasoning. One way of explaining away their apparent oddity is to view certain aspects of these examples as making particular options salient. The decision problems in point can then be solved by ‘picking’ these options, although they could not have been ‘chosen’ in a principled way, due to ties or incomparabilities with alternative options.
|Keywords||rational choice irrationality inference non-monotonic logic context effects|
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John Locke (1995). An Essay Concerning Human Understanding. Oxford University Press.
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Robert Stalnaker (2009). Iterated Belief Revision. Erkenntnis 70 (2):189 - 209.
David Makinson (2005). Bridges From Classical to Nonmonotonic Logic. King's College Publications.
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