David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Journal for General Philosophy of Science 29 (1):71-122 (1998)
This survey of major developments in North American philosophy of science begins with the mid-1960s consolidation of the disciplinary synthesis of internalist history and philosophy of science (HPS) as a response to criticisms of logical empiricism. These developments are grouped for discussion under the following headings: historical metamethodologies, scientific realisms, philosophies of the special sciences, revivals of empiricism, cognitivist naturalisms, social epistemologies, feminist theories of science, studies of experiment and the disunity of science, and studies of science as practice and culture. A unifying theme of the survey is the relation between historical metamethodologists and scientific realists, which dominated philosophical work in the late 1970s. I argue that many of the alternative cognitive naturalisms, social epistemologies, and feminist theories that have been proposed can be understood as analogues to the differences between metamethodological theories of scientific rationality and realist accounts of successful reference to real causal processes. Recent work on experiment, scientific practice, and the culture of science may, however, challenge the underlying conception of the field according to which realism and historical rationalism (or their descendants) are the important alternatives available, and thus may take philosophy of science in new directions.
|Keywords||science philosophy of science methodology realism naturalism empiricism cognitive science feminism experiment scientific practice|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
|Through your library||Configure|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
Steven Horst (2009). Naturalisms in Philosophy of Mind. Philosophy Compass 4 (1):219-254.
Mohd Hazim Shah bin Abdul Murad (2011). Models, Scientific Realism, the Intelligibility of Nature, and Their Cultural Significance. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 42 (2):253-261.
Similar books and articles
Jane Duran (1998). Philosophies of Science/Feminist Theories. Westview Press.
Dachun Liu & Yongmou Liu (2009). A Reflection on the Alternative Philosophy of Science. Frontiers of Philosophy in China 4 (4):576-588.
Paul T. Durbin (1998). Philosophy of Technology in the Americas in the Last Twenty-Five Years. Teorema 17 (3):87-95.
James T. Cushing (1998). Philosophical Concepts in Physics: The Historical Relation Between Philosophy and Scientific Theories. Cambridge University Press.
Nick Huggett (2000). Local Philosophies of Science. Philosophy of Science 67 (3):137.
John Losee (1993). A Historical Introduction to the Philosophy of Science. Oxford University Press.
Andrew Pickering (ed.) (1992). Science as Practice and Culture. University of Chicago Press.
Lisa Weasel (2001). Dismantling the Self/Other Dichotomy in Science: Towards a Feminist Model of the Immune System. Hypatia 16 (1):27-44.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads17 ( #82,007 of 1,088,616 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #69,601 of 1,088,616 )
How can I increase my downloads?