The Achilles Argument and the Nature of Matter in the Clarke-Collins Correspondenc
David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
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In Tom Lennon & Robert Stainton (eds.), The Achilles of Rational Psychology (2008)
The Clarke-Collins correspondence was widely read and frequently printed during the 18th century. Its central topic is the question whether matter can think, or be conscious. Samuel Clarke defends the immateriality of the subject of the mental against Anthony Collins’ materialism. This paper examines important assumptions about the nature of body that play a role in their debate. Clarke argued that consciousness requires an “individual being”, an entity with some sort of significant unity as its subject. They agree that body does not have this type of unity, because it consists of actually distinct parts.
|Keywords||mind-body problem body Achilles Argumnet unity of consciousness Samuel Clarke Anthony Collins simplicity of the soul|
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