David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Consciousness and Cognition 16 (2):294-309 (2007)
Research into intuitive problem solving has shown that objective closeness of participants’ hypotheses were closer to the accurate solution than their subjective ratings of closeness. After separating conceptually intuitive problem solving from the solutions of rational incremental tasks and of sudden insight tasks, we replicated this finding by using more precise measures in a conceptual problem-solving task. In a second study, we distinguished performance level, processing style, implicit knowledge and subjective feeling of closeness to the solution within the problem-solving task and examined the relationships of these different components with measures of intelligence and personality. Verbal intelligence correlated with performance level in problem solving, but not with processing style and implicit knowledge. Faith in intuition, openness to experience, and conscientiousness correlated with processing style, but not with implicit knowledge. These findings suggest that one needs to decompose processing style and intuitive components in problem solving to make predictions on effects of intelligence and personality measures
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
Anthony J. Marcel (1983). Conscious and Unconscious Perception: Experiments on Visual Masking and Word Recognition. Cognitive Psychology 15:197-237.
Arthur S. Reber (1989). Implicit Learning and Tacit Knowledge. Journal of Experimental Psychology 118:219-35.
A. Koriat (2000). The Feeling of Knowing: Some Metatheoretical Implications for Consciousness and Control. Consciousness and Cognition 9 (2):149-171.
Arthur S. Reber (1967). Implicit Learning of Artificial Grammars. Journal of Verbal Learning and Verbal Behavior 6:855-863.
Elisabeth Norman, Mark C. Price & Simon C. Duff (2006). Fringe Consciousness in Sequence Learning: The Influence of Individual Differences. Consciousness and Cognition 15 (4):723-760.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
F. Michael Akeroyd (1993). Laudan's Problem Solving Model. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 44 (4):785-788.
Magda Osman (2008). Observation Can Be as Effective as Action in Problem Solving. Cognitive Science 32 (1):162-183.
L. A. Whitt (1988). Conceptual Dimensions of Theory Appraisal. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 19 (4):517-529.
Alvin I. Goldman (1983). Epistemology and the Theory of Problem Solving. Synthese 55 (1):21 - 48.
Kai Nielsen (1977). Conceptual Relativism. Grazer Philosophische Studien 3:71-87.
Darren Domsky (2005). Tossing the Rotten Thing Out: Eliminating Bad Reasons Not to Solve the Problem of Moral Luck. Philosophy 80 (4):531-541.
Gerrit Balen (1987). Conceptual Tensions Between Theory and Program: The Chromosome Theory and the Mendelian Research Program. [REVIEW] Biology and Philosophy 2 (4):435-461.
Walter Hopp (2010). How to Think About Nonconceptual Content. The New Yearbook for Phenomenology and Phenomenological Philosophy 10 (1):1-24.
M. A. van Rees (2003). Pragma-Dialectical Analysis and Evaluation of Problem-Solving Discussion. Argumentation 17 (4):465-479.
Henry Frankel (1980). Problem-Solving, Research Traditions, and the Development of Scientific Fields. PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1980:29 - 40.
William Bechtel & Adele Abrahamsen (2009). Decomposing, Recomposing, and Situating Circadian Mechanisms: Three Tasks in Developing Mechanistic Explanations. In H. Leitgeb & A. Hieke (eds.), Reduction: Between the Mind and the Brain. Ontos 12--177.
Added to index2010-08-24
Total downloads3 ( #462,758 of 1,725,840 )
Recent downloads (6 months)2 ( #268,271 of 1,725,840 )
How can I increase my downloads?