The cognition-knowledge distinction in Kant and Dilthey and the implications for psychology and self-understanding
David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 34 (1):149-164 (2003)
Both Kant and Dilthey distinguish between cognition and knowledge, but they do so differently in accordance with their respective theoretical interests. Kant's primary cognitive interest is in the natural sciences, and from this perspective the status of psychology is questioned because its phenomena are not mathematically measurable. Dilthey, by contrast, reconceives psychology as a human science.For Kant, knowledge is conceptual cognition that has attained certainty by being part of a rational system. Dilthey also links knowledge with certainty; however, he derives the latter from life-experience rather than from reason. Dilthey's psychology begins with the self-certainty of lived experience and life-knowledge, but this turns out to fall short of cognitive understanding. In the final analysis, both Kant and Dilthey move beyond psychology to arrive at self-understanding. Because of his doubts about introspection, Kant replaces psychology with a pragmatic anthropology to provide a communal framework for self-understanding. Dilthey supplements psychology with other human sciences as part of a project of anthropological reflection.
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
R. A. Makreel & A. Villani (2001). Kant, Dilthey et l'idée d'une critique du jugement historique. Revue de Métaphysique et de Morale 4 (4):445-464.
Eric S. Nelson (2011). Self-Reflection, Interpretation, and Historical Life in Dilthey. In Hans-Ulrich Lessing, Rudolf A. Makkreel & Riccardo Pozzo (eds.), Recent Contributions to Dilthey’s Philosophy of the Human Sciences.
Shaun Gallagher (2004). Hermeneutics and the Cognitive Sciences. Journal of Consciousness Studies 11 (10-11):162-174.
Eric Sean Nelson (2008). Interpreting Practice: Dilthey, Epistemology, and the Hermeneutics of Historical Life. Idealistic Studies 38 (1/2):105-122.
Thomas Sturm (2001). How Not to Investigate the Human Mind: Kant on the Impossibility of Empirical Psychology. In Eric Watkins (ed.), Kant and the Sciences. Oxford University Press.
Patrick Kain (2010). Practical Cognition, Intuition, and the Fact of Reason. In Benjamin Lipscomb & James Krueger (eds.), Kant's Moral Metaphysics: God, Freedom, and Immortality. de Gruyter. 211--230.
Rudolf A. Makkreel (2003). The Cognition–Knowledge Distinction in Kant and Dilthey and the Implications for Psychology and Self-Understanding. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 34 (1):149-164.
Rebecca Kukla (ed.) (2006). Aesthetics and Cognition in Kant's Critical Philosophy. Cambridge University Press.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads29 ( #66,093 of 1,168,018 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #140,420 of 1,168,018 )
How can I increase my downloads?