Autobiographical memory for stressful events: The role of autobiographical memory in posttraumatic stress disorder
David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jonathan Jenkins Ichikawa
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Consciousness and Cognition 20 (3):840-856 (2011)
To provide the three-way comparisons needed to test existing theories, we compared (1) most-stressful memories to other memories and (2) involuntary to voluntary memories (3) in 75 community dwelling adults with and 42 without a current diagnosis of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Each rated their three most-stressful, three most-positive, seven most-important and 15 word-cued autobiographical memories, and completed tests of personality and mood. Involuntary memories were then recorded and rated as they occurred for 2 weeks. Standard mechanisms of cognition and affect applied to extreme events accounted for the properties of stressful memories. Involuntary memories had greater emotional intensity than voluntary memories, but were not more frequently related to traumatic events. The emotional intensity, rehearsal, and centrality to the life story of both voluntary and involuntary memories, rather than incoherence of voluntary traumatic memories and enhanced availability of involuntary traumatic memories, were the properties of autobiographical memories associated with PTSD.
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
Roberto Cabeza & Peggy St Jacques (2007). Functional Neuroimaging of Autobiographical Memory. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 11 (5):219-227.
Heather J. Rice & David C. Rubin (2009). I Can See It Both Ways: First- and Third-Person Visual Perspectives at Retrieval. Consciousness and Cognition 18 (4):877-890.
David C. Rubin, Rick H. Hoyle & Mark R. Leary (2012). Differential Predictability of Four Dimensions of Affect Intensity. Cognition and Emotion 26 (1):25-41.
E. GEraerts, D. Kozarickovacic, H. MerckelbacH, T. Peraica, M. Jelicic & I. Candel (2007). Traumatic Memories of War Veterans: Not so Special After All☆. Consciousness and Cognition 16 (1):170-177.
Citations of this work BETA
Lynn Ann Watson, Dorthe Berntsen, Willem Kuyken & Ed R. Watkins (2012). The Characteristics of Involuntary and Voluntary Autobiographical Memories in Depressed and Never Depressed Individuals. Consciousness and Cognition 21 (3):1382-1392.
Rachel J. Anderson & Gemma L. Evans (2015). Mental Time Travel in Dysphoria: Differences in the Content and Subjective Experience of Past and Future Episodes. Consciousness and Cognition 37:237-248.
Christopher T. Ball (2015). Involuntary Memories and Restrained Eating. Consciousness and Cognition 33:237-244.
Anne S. Rasmussen, Kim B. Johannessen & Dorthe Berntsen (2014). Ways of Sampling Voluntary and Involuntary Autobiographical Memories in Daily Life. Consciousness and Cognition 30:156-168.
Martina Luchetti, Nicolino Rossi, Ornella Montebarocci & Angelina R. Sutin (2016). Continuity of Phenomenology and Consistency of Content of Meaningful Autobiographical Memories. Consciousness and Cognition 42:15-25.
Similar books and articles
J. Campbell (1997). The Structure of Time in Autobiographical Memory. European Journal of Philosophy 5 (2):105-17.
David C. Rubin (ed.) (1996). Remembering Our Past: Studies in Autobiographical Memory. Cambridge University Press.
John Sutton (2002). Cognitive Conceptions of Language and the Development of Autobiographical Memory. Language and Communication 22 (3):375-390.
Sidonie A. Smith (2003). Material Selves: Bodies, Memory, and Autobiographical Narrating. In Gary D. Fireman, Ted E. McVay Jr & Owen J. Flanagan (eds.), Narrative and Consciousness: Literature, Psychology, and the Brain. Oxford University Press 86-111.
William F. Brewer (1992). Phenomenal Experience in Laboratory and Autobiographical Memory. In Martin A. Conway, David C. Rubin, H. Spinnler & W. Wagenaar (eds.), Theoretical Perspectives on Autobiographical Memory. Kluwer 31--51.
Jean-Marie Danion, Christine Cuervo, Pascale Piolino, Caroline Huron, Marielle Riutort, Charles S. Peretti & Francis Eustache (2005). Conscious Recollection in Autobiographical Memory: An Investigation in Schizophrenia. Consciousness and Cognition 14 (3):535-547.
Christoph Hoerl (2007). Episodic Memory, Autobiographical Memory, Narrative: On Three Key Notions in Current Approaches to Memory Development. Philosophical Psychology 20 (5):621 – 640.
Pascale Piolino, Béatrice Desgranges, Serge Belliard, Vanessa Matuszewski, Catherine Lalevée, Vincent de La Sayette & Francis Eustache (2003). Autobiographical Memory and Autonoetic Consciousness: Triple Dissociation in Neurodegenerative Diseases. Brain 126 (10):2203-2219.
Pascale Piolino, Serge Belliard, Béatrice Desgranges, Mélisa Perron & Francis Eustache (2003). Autobiographical Memory and Autonoetic Consciousness in a Case of Semantic Dementia. Cognitive Neuropsychology 20 (7):619-639.
Pascale Piolino, Béatrice Desgranges, David Clarys, Bérengère Guillery-Girard, Laurence Taconnat, Michel Isingrini & Francis Eustache (2006). Autobiographical Memory, Autonoetic Consciousness, and Self-Perspective in Aging. Psychology and Aging 21 (3):510-525.
Robert W. Schrauf (2002). Bilingual Inner Speech as the Medium of Cross-Modular Retrieval in Autobiographical Memory. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 25 (6):698-699.
Igor Knez (2012). Place and the Self: An Autobiographical Memory Synthesis. Philosophical Psychology (2):1-29.
M. Schectman (1994). The Truth About Memory. Philosophical Psychology 7 (1):3-18.
Mark T. Brown (2001). Multiple Personality and Personal Identity. Philosophical Psychology 14 (4):435 – 447.
Dirk Hermans, Filip Raes, Carlos Iberico & J. Mark G. Williams (2006). Reduced Autobiographical Memory Specificity, Avoidance, and Repression. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 29 (5):522-522.
Added to index2011-08-17
Total downloads21 ( #188,846 of 1,934,425 )
Recent downloads (6 months)5 ( #113,193 of 1,934,425 )
How can I increase my downloads?