Autobiographical memory for stressful events: The role of autobiographical memory in posttraumatic stress disorder
David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Consciousness and Cognition 20 (3):840-856 (2011)
To provide the three-way comparisons needed to test existing theories, we compared (1) most-stressful memories to other memories and (2) involuntary to voluntary memories (3) in 75 community dwelling adults with and 42 without a current diagnosis of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Each rated their three most-stressful, three most-positive, seven most-important and 15 word-cued autobiographical memories, and completed tests of personality and mood. Involuntary memories were then recorded and rated as they occurred for 2 weeks. Standard mechanisms of cognition and affect applied to extreme events accounted for the properties of stressful memories. Involuntary memories had greater emotional intensity than voluntary memories, but were not more frequently related to traumatic events. The emotional intensity, rehearsal, and centrality to the life story of both voluntary and involuntary memories, rather than incoherence of voluntary traumatic memories and enhanced availability of involuntary traumatic memories, were the properties of autobiographical memories associated with PTSD.
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Citations of this work BETA
Lynn Ann Watson, Dorthe Berntsen, Willem Kuyken & Ed R. Watkins (2012). The Characteristics of Involuntary and Voluntary Autobiographical Memories in Depressed and Never Depressed Individuals. Consciousness and Cognition 21 (3):1382-1392.
Rachel J. Anderson & Gemma L. Evans (forthcoming). Mental Time Travel in Dysphoria: Differences in the Content and Subjective Experience of Past and Future Episodes. Consciousness and Cognition.
Christopher T. Ball (2015). Involuntary Memories and Restrained Eating. Consciousness and Cognition 33:237-244.
Anne S. Rasmussen, Kim B. Johannessen & Dorthe Berntsen (2014). Ways of Sampling Voluntary and Involuntary Autobiographical Memories in Daily Life. Consciousness and Cognition 30:156-168.
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