David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Ethics and Behavior 10 (4):375 – 391 (2000)
Do psychotherapists' unethical practices influence how they are perceived? The 202 Israeli lay and professional psychology participants rated systematically varied descriptions of effective therapists and potential clients under conditions of no difficulties (standard), practice without a license, and a previous sexual boundary violation on indexes of evaluation and willingness to refer. Participants completed a measure of important variables in therapist selection. Effective standard therapists were rated most favorably, unlicensed therapists were rated favorably, and therapists who violated sexual boundaries in the past were rated least favorably. When results were analyzed by respondent characteristics, laypersons rated unlicensed professionals (p < .01) and sexual boundary violators (p < .0001) more positively than did clinical psychologists. Men rated the violators more favorably than did women (p < .05). Factor analysis of therapist selection measures identified professional and personal factors, but only the former were associated with ratings of "problem" therapists. The results underscore the gap between ethical standards and applied decisions made by professionals and laypersons. Further investigation is needed to ensure quality care in both professional and consumer approaches to psychotherapy.
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References found in this work BETA
Tom L. Beauchamp (2009). Principles of Biomedical Ethics. Oxford University Press.
Gerald P. Koocher (1998). Ethics in Psychology: Professional Standards and Cases. Oxford University Press.
John C. Gonsiorek (1995). Breach of Trust Sexual Exploitation by Health Care Professionals and Clergy. Monograph Collection (Matt - Pseudo).
Citations of this work BETA
Susan Douglas Kelley, Sondra Crosby, Michael A. Grodin, Ruth Macklin, Simon Shimshon Rubin, Fern Brunger & Charles Weijer (2002). The Forum. Ethics and Behavior 12 (4):371 – 387.
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