David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Behavioral and Brain Sciences 26 (6):709-728 (2003)
High temporal resolution event-related brain potential and electroencephalographic coherence studies of the neural substrate of short-term storage in working memory indicate that the sustained coactivation of both prefrontal cortex and the posterior cortical systems that participate in the initial perception and comprehension of the retained information are involved in its storage. These studies further show that short-term storage mechanisms involve an increase in neural synchrony between prefrontal cortex and posterior cortex and the enhanced activation of long-term memory representations of material held in short-term memory. This activation begins during the encoding/comprehension phase and evidently is prolonged into the retention phase by attentional drive from prefrontal cortex control systems. A parsimonious interpretation of these findings is that the long-term memory systems associated with the posterior cortical processors provide the necessary representational basis for working memory, with the property of short-term memory decay being primarily due to the posterior system. In this view, there is no reason to posit specialized neural systems whose functions are limited to those of short-term storage buffers. Prefrontal cortex provides the attentional pointer system for maintaining activation in the appropriate posterior processing systems. Short-term memory capacity and phenomena such as displacement of information in short-term memory are determined by limitations on the number of pointers that can be sustained by the prefrontal control systems. Key Words: coherence; event-related potentials; imaging; long-term memory; memory; short-term memory; working memory.
|Keywords||coherence event-related potentials imaging long-term memory memory short-term memory working memory|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
Fernand Gobet & Philippe Chassy (2009). Expertise and Intuition: A Tale of Three Theories. [REVIEW] Minds and Machines 19 (2):151-180.
Nicolas Bullot (2009). Toward a Theory of the Empirical Tracking of Individuals: Cognitive Flexibility and the Functions of Attention in Integrated Tracking. Philosophical Psychology 22 (3):353-387.
Wolfgang Klimesch (2012). Alpha-Band Oscillations, Attention, and Controlled Access to Stored Information. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 16 (12):606.
Similar books and articles
Jennifer D. Ryan & Neal J. Cohen (2003). The Contribution of Long-Term Memory and the Role of Frontal-Lobe Systems in on-Line Processing. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 26 (6):756-756.
Joaquín M. Fuster (2003). More Than Working Memory Rides on Long-Term Memory. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 26 (6):737-737.
Bill Faw (2003). Pre-Frontal Executive Committee for Perception, Working Memory, Attention, Long-Term Memory, Motor Control, and Thinking: A Tutorial Review. Consciousness and Cognition 12 (1):83-139.
Naoyuki Osaka (2003). How Does the Attentional Pointer Work in Prefrontal Cortex? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 26 (6):751-751.
Steve Majerus, Martial Van der Linden, Fabienne Collette & Eric Salmon (2003). Does Sustained ERP Activity in Posterior Lexico-Semantic Processing Areas During Short-Term Memory Tasks Only Reflect Activated Long-Term Memory? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 26 (6):746-747.
Stephen Grossberg (2003). From Working Memory to Long-Term Memory and Back: Linked but Distinct. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 26 (6):737-738.
Daniel S. Ruchkin, Jordan Grafman, Katherine Cameron & Rita S. Berndt (2003). Working Memory: Unemployed but Still Doing Day Labor. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 26 (6):760-769.
Wolfgang Klimesch & Bärbel Schack (2003). Activation of Long-Term Memory by Alpha Oscillations in a Working-Memory Task? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 26 (6):743-743.
Frank Rösler & Martin Heil (2003). Working Memory as a State of Activated Long-Term Memory: A Plausible Theory, but Other Data Provide More Compelling Evidence. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 26 (6):754-755.
Robert H. Logie & Sergio Della Sala (2003). Working Memory as a Mental Workspace: Why Activated Long-Term Memory is Not Enough. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 26 (6):745-746.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads13 ( #133,263 of 1,413,284 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #154,925 of 1,413,284 )
How can I increase my downloads?