David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
The past quarter century has seen an enormous growth of interest among scholars of science and technology in both particular experimental episodes and the process of experimentation. Among the most influential accounts have been those developed by Allan Franklin (1986, 1990), Deborah Mayo (1996) and Peter Galison (1987), each of which was developed primarily with reference to examples drawn from the history of physics. One useful way to access the generality of an account of experiment is to see how it fares with reference to examples drawn from disciplines far removed from the context within which it was developed. In previous essays I examined and compared the adequacy of Franklin and Mayo’s views on experiment with reference to an episode drawn from the history of evolutionary biology, H.B.D. Kettlewell's classic studies of the phenomenon of industrial melanism (Rudge 1998, 2001). The present essay reanalyzes Kettlewell’s work once more, this time as a test of Peter Galison’s provocative account of experimentation in the sciences. Kettlewell’s investigations can indeed be interpreted within Galison’s perspective, but this appears to reflect the vagueness of many key distinctions Galison makes more than any special insights his views provide on the nature of experimentation in evolutionary biology.
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library||
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Aspasia S. Moue, Kyriakos A. Masavetas & Haido Karayianni (2006). Tracing the Development of Thought Experiments in the Philosophy of Natural Sciences. Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 37 (1):61 - 75.
Jane Maienschein (1986). Arguments for Experimentation in Biology. PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1986:180 - 195.
L. R. Franklin (2005). Exploratory Experiments. Philosophy of Science 72 (5):888-899.
Jed Z. Buchwald (ed.) (1995). Scientific Practice: Theories and Stories of Doing Physics. The University of Chicago Press.
Allan Franklin (1990). Experiment, Right or Wrong. Cambridge University Press.
DavidWÿss Rudge (1999). Taking the Peppered Moth with a Grain of Salt. Biology and Philosophy 14 (1).
Joel B. Hagen (1999). Retelling Experiments: H.B.D. Kettlewell's Studies of Industrial Melanism in Peppered Moths. [REVIEW] Biology and Philosophy 14 (1):39-54.
David Wÿss Rudge (1998). A Bayesian Analysis of Strategies in Evolutionary Biology. Perspectives on Science 6 (4):341-360.
David Wÿss Rudge (2001). Kettlewell From an Error Statisticians's Point of View. Perspectives on Science 9 (1):59-77.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads75 ( #28,801 of 1,700,257 )
Recent downloads (6 months)62 ( #4,236 of 1,700,257 )
How can I increase my downloads?