David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Synthese 109 (2):263 - 280 (1996)
How can it be rational to work on a new theory that does not yet meet the standards for good or acceptable theories? If diversity of approaches is a condition for scientific progress, how can a scientific community achieve such progress when each member does what it is rational to do, namely work on the best theory? These two methodological problems, the problem of pursuit and the problem of diversity, can be solved by taking into account the cognitive risk that is involved in theory choice. I compare this solution to other proposals, in particular T. S. Kuhn's and P. Kitcher's view that the two problems demonstrate the epistemic significance of the scientific community.
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
Michael Strevens (2011). Economic Approaches to Understanding Scientific Norms. Episteme 8 (2):184-200.
Fred D'agostino (2004). Kuhn's Risk-Spreading Argument and The Organization of Scientific Communities. Episteme 1 (3):201-209.
F. D'Agostino (2000). Incommensurability and Commensuration: Lessons From (and to) Ethico-Political Theory. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 31 (3):429-447.
Similar books and articles
Daniel Diermeier (1995). Rational Choice and the Role of Theory in Political Science. Critical Review 9 (1-2):59-70.
Morris P. Fiorina (1995). Rational Choice, Empirical Contributions, and the Scientific Enterprise. Critical Review 9 (1-2):85-94.
Jan Bransen (2000). Alternatives of Oneself: Recasting Some of Our Practical Problems. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 60 (2):381 - 400.
Debra Friedman & Michael Hechter (1988). The Contribution of Rational Choice Theory to Macrosociological Research. Sociological Theory 6 (2):201-218.
Andrew Lugg (1980). Theory Choice and Resistance to Change. Philosophy of Science 47 (2):227-243.
Howard Sankey (2000). Methodological Pluralism, Normative Naturalism and the Realist Aim of Science. In Howard Sankey & Robert Nola (eds.), After Popper, Kuhn and Feyerabend: Recent Issues in Theories of Scientific Method.
S. Okasha (2011). Theory Choice and Social Choice: Kuhn Versus Arrow. Mind 120 (477):83-115.
Howard Sankey (1995). The Problem of Rational Theory-Choice. Epistemologia 18 (2):299-312.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads18 ( #103,221 of 1,413,361 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #154,160 of 1,413,361 )
How can I increase my downloads?