David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Synthese 109 (2):263 - 280 (1996)
How can it be rational to work on a new theory that does not yet meet the standards for good or acceptable theories? If diversity of approaches is a condition for scientific progress, how can a scientific community achieve such progress when each member does what it is rational to do, namely work on the best theory? These two methodological problems, the problem of pursuit and the problem of diversity, can be solved by taking into account the cognitive risk that is involved in theory choice. I compare this solution to other proposals, in particular T. S. Kuhn's and P. Kitcher's view that the two problems demonstrate the epistemic significance of the scientific community.
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
Philip Kitcher (1993). The Advancement of Science: Science Without Legend, Objectivity Without Illusions. Oxford University Press.
Thomas S. Kuhn (1962). The Structure of Scientific Revolutions Vol. The University of Chicago Press.
L. Laudan (1977). Progress and its Problems: Toward a Theory of Scientific Growth. University of California Press.
Isaac Levi (1980). The Enterprise of Knowledge: An Essay on Knowledge, Credal Probability, and Chance. The MIT Press.
Citations of this work BETA
Dunja Šešelja & Christian Straßer (2014). Epistemic Justification in the Context of Pursuit: A Coherentist Approach. Synthese 191 (13):3111-3141.
Michael Strevens (2011). Economic Approaches to Understanding Scientific Norms. Episteme 8 (2):184-200.
F. D'Agostino (2000). Incommensurability and Commensuration: Lessons From (and to) Ethico-Political Theory. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 31 (3):429-447.
Fred D'agostino (2004). Kuhn's Risk-Spreading Argument and The Organization of Scientific Communities. Episteme 1 (3):201-209.
Similar books and articles
Daniel Diermeier (1995). Rational Choice and the Role of Theory in Political Science. Critical Review 9 (1-2):59-70.
S. Okasha (2011). Theory Choice and Social Choice: Kuhn Versus Arrow. Mind 120 (477):83-115.
Howard Sankey (2000). Methodological Pluralism, Normative Naturalism and the Realist Aim of Science. In Howard Sankey & Robert Nola (eds.), After Popper, Kuhn and Feyerabend: Recent Issues in Theories of Scientific Method.
Andrew Lugg (1980). Theory Choice and Resistance to Change. Philosophy of Science 47 (2):227-243.
Debra Friedman & Michael Hechter (1988). The Contribution of Rational Choice Theory to Macrosociological Research. Sociological Theory 6 (2):201-218.
Jan Bransen (2000). Alternatives of Oneself: Recasting Some of Our Practical Problems. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 60 (2):381 - 400.
Morris P. Fiorina (1995). Rational Choice, Empirical Contributions, and the Scientific Enterprise. Critical Review 9 (1-2):85-94.
Howard Sankey (1995). The Problem of Rational Theory-Choice. Epistemologia 18 (2):299-312.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads23 ( #157,234 of 1,789,824 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #420,670 of 1,789,824 )
How can I increase my downloads?