"Empiricism all the way down": A defense of the value-neutrality of science in response to Helen Longino's contextual empiricism
David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Perspectives on Science 14 (2):189-214 (2006)
: A central claim of Longino's contextual empiricism is that scientific inquiry, even when "properly conducted", lacks the capacity to screen out the influence of contextual values on its results. I'll show first that Longino's attack against the epistemic integrity of science suffers from fatal empirical weaknesses. Second I'll explain why Longino's practical proposition for suppressing biases in science, drawn from her contextual empiricism, is too demanding and, therefore, unable to serve its purpose. Finally, drawing on Bourdieu's sociological analysis of scientific communities, I'll sketch an alternative view of scientific practice reconciling a thoroughly social view of science (such as Longino's) with a defense of its epistemic integrity.
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References found in this work BETA
Helen E. Longino (1990). Science as Social Knowledge: Values and Objectivity in Scientific Inquiry. Princeton University Press.
Philip Kitcher (2001). Science, Truth, and Democracy. Oxford University Press.
Richard Levins (1985). The Dialectical Biologist. Harvard University Press.
David Zaret (1977). The Essential Tension: Selected Studies in Scientific Tradition and Change. [REVIEW] Philosophical Review 90 (1):146-149.
Elizabeth Anderson (1995). Knowledge, Human Interests, and Objectivity in Feminist Epistemology. Philosophical Topics 23 (2):27-58.
Citations of this work BETA
Justin Biddle (2013). State of the Field: Transient Underdetermination and Values in Science. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 44 (1):124-133.
Kevin Elliott & Daniel McKaughan (2009). How Values in Scientific Discovery and Pursuit Alter Theory Appraisal. Philosophy of Science 76 (5):598-611.
Matteo Colombo, Leandra Bucher & Yoel Inbar (forthcoming). Explanatory Judgment, Moral Offense and Value-Free Science. Review of Philosophy and Psychology:1-21.
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