Transcendental Arguments About Other Minds and Intersubjectivity

Philosophy Compass 6 (5):300-11 (2011)
Abstract
This article describes some of the main arguments for the existence of other minds, and intersubjectivity more generally, that depend upon a transcendental justification. This means that our focus will be largely on ‘continental’ philosophy, not only because of the abiding interest in this tradition in thematising intersubjectivity, but also because transcendental reasoning is close to ubiquitous in continental philosophy. Neither point holds for analytic philosophy. As such, this essay will introduce some of the important contributions of Edmund Husserl, Martin Heidegger, Jean-Paul Sartre, Maurice Merleau-Ponty and Karl-Otto Apel, all of whom use transcendental reasoning as a key part of their analyses of intersubjectivity, and we also consider the work of Peter Strawson who does likewise in the analytic tradition.
Keywords Transcendental arguments  other minds  intersubjectivity  phenomenology  perception  linguistic  Husserl  Heidegger  Sartre  Apel
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Karl-Otto Apel (1998). From a Transcendental-Semiotic Point of View. Distributed Exclusively in the Usa by St. Martin's Press.

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Joel Smith (2011). Can Transcendental Intersubjectivity Be Naturalised? Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 10 (1):91-111.
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